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Christopher Columbus: What Really Happened
 
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Check out my new video about the First Thanksgiving on my new channel, "Uncivil History" here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ociHVDWxDaY&t=2s Subscribe for more videos: http://goo.gl/Z8E50 An educational animation which recounts the four voyages of Columbus. Hope you enjoy! Bibliography at bottom of description AUTHOR'S NOTE: This video is meant to give a non-bias account of the events which unfolded when Columbus and his crew made contact with the people of the Caribbean. Of course, I was not able to fit everything into the video; I had to omit details, such as the fact that the Taino were not the only people that Columbus encountered (there were also the Ciguayo tribe and Carib cannibals). A second particular is that not all fault should lie directly on Columbus' shoulders. His crew of 1,200 for the second journey consisted partly of convicts and landless nobles, the worst type of people with which to build a settlement. Another fact is that Columbus grew up in societies (Genoa, then Portugal) that kept domestic slaves. I have no political agenda for making this video. I am a student of history and I have tried to give an account of Columbus' journeys that is as close as we can possibly get to the truth. I will I admit that I am not a fan of Columbus. I think he was cruel, even for his time. We cannot judge a 15th-century human from a 21st-century perspective; but even for the 15th century, he was an awful arbiter. Sources: Bergreen, Laurence. Columbus: The Four Voyages. Viking Penguin, 2011. Carman, Harry J., and Harold C. Syrett. A History of the American People. Vol. 1. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1952. Fernandez-Armesto, Felipe. 1492; The Year the World Began. Harper Collins e-books, 2009. Hale, Edward E. The Life of Christopher Columbus from His Own Letters and Journals. Rockville, Maryland: Arc Manor, 2008. Haywood, John. Historical Atlas of the Medieval World. New York: Metro Books, 2000. Jotischky, Andrew, and Caroline Hull. Historical Atlas of the Medieval World. London: The Penguin Group, 2005. Loewen, James, Lies My Teacher Told Me: Everything Your American History Textbook Got Wrong. New York: Touchstone, 1995. Lybyer, A. H., "The Ottoman Turks and the Routes of Oriental Trade," The English Historical Review, Vol. 30, No. 120. (Oct., 1915), pp. 577-588. Mann, Charles. 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus. New York: Vintage Books, 1995. Morison, Samuel Eliot. Admiral of the Ocean Sea: A Life of Christopher Columbus. Boston: Little Brown and Co. 1942. Phillips, William & Phillips, Carla, The Worlds of Christopher Columbus. Cambridge University Press, 1992. Pickering, Keith. The Columbus Navigation Homepage. http://www.columbusnavigation.com/cctl.shtml Pohl, John. The Conquistador: 1492-1550. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2001 . Sale, Kirkpatrick. Christopher Columbus and the Conquest of Paradise. London: Tauris Parke Paperbacks, 2006. Scafetta, Joesph Jr. Columbus and the Indians: Friend of Foe? http://www.osia.org/documents/Columbus_FriendorFoe.pdf The Most Important Maps Since the Dawn of Printing, Part I: Tradition and Innovation. Arader Galleries. Udovitch, A. L. '"Levant Trade in the Later Middle Ages'", The American Historical Review, Vol. 91, No. 1 (Feb., 1986), 92. Varela, C. Cristobal Colon: Textos y Documentos Completos. Madrid: Alianza, 1984. Vignaud, Henry. "Columbus: A Spaniard and a Jew", The American Historical Review, Vol. 18, No. 3 (April, 1913), pp. 505-512. Wilford, John Noble. The Mysterious History of Christopher Columbus: An Exploration of the Man, the Myth, the Legacy. (1991) Young, Filson. Christopher Columbus and the New World of His Discovery. Vol. 6. London: E. Grant Richards, 1906.
Views: 3520508 Bad Crayfish Productions
Columbus Day: Christopher Columbus Sets Sail | History
 
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Though he didn't produce much profit for the monarchs of Spain, Columbus opened a path to the new world for all of Europe. HISTORY®, now reaching more than 98 million homes, is the leading destination for award-winning original series and specials that connect viewers with history in an informative, immersive, and entertaining manner across all platforms. The network’s all-original programming slate features a roster of hit series, epic miniseries, and scripted event programming. Visit us at HISTORY.com for more info.
Views: 147087 HISTORY
Voyages of Columbus
 
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Columbus set sail and found land in the Western Sea, but he did not find the riches of China or India and his discoveries turned into a big disappointment
Views: 30170 TzionTzion
Consequences of Columbus's voyage on the Tainos and Europe
 
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When Columbus arrived in the Caribbean, he met the Taino people. In this video, Kim explores the consequences of Columbus's voyage for the Taino people, as well as the changes wrought in Europe by Spain's New World exploits.
Views: 58590 Khan Academy
Early explorers of America (1492- 1502)           Animated map              From Columbus to Coelho
 
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An animated map of the first expeditions and voyages to the Americas The discovery of a new sea route to America by Christopher Columbus and the expeditions of Cabot, Lavrador, Ojeda, Pinzon, Vespucci , Cabral and Coelho. Music Crusade - Video Classica von Kevin MacLeod ist unter der Lizenz "Creative Commons Attribution" (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) lizenziert. Quelle: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100884 Künstler: http://incompetech.com/ Epic journey Yung Logos Kolumbus Cristobal Colon
Views: 1070 Corvus
CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS: THE LAST JOURNEY full movie - EN
 
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Columbus travels back to Spain after his first great expedition to be awarded by the royal family.. Due to his great success, he leaves for new expeditions in search of new lands and resources, but with no luck... A story about one of the most famous men in his last journeys... Watch other exciting movies! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y4UWzz65H_E&list=PLYXievo3ibiWA0RdNX8cv7DBSih_yr9db SUBSCRIBE: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=UC1H4TpuRT7msxfqG0jt3sNwUs Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/BBkidschannel Follow us on Tumblr: http://bbkids.tumblr.com/
Views: 61921 MONDO WORLD
Vasco da Gama: Portuguese Explorer - Fast Facts | History
 
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Nobleman and explorer Vasco da Gama established a trade route that linked Portugal directly with the Indian spice market. Learn how he managed to sail around Africa's Cape of Good Hope in this video. #Biography Subscribe for more from HISTORY: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=historychannel Check out exclusive HISTORY content: Website - http://www.history.com?cmpid=Social_YouTube_HistHome Twitter - https://twitter.com/history Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/History Bio Shorts Season 1 Episode 1 Biography features in-depth profiles of the exceptional people whose lives and times stir our imagination. An Emmy award-winning documentary series, Biography thrives on rich details, fascinating portraits and historical accuracy, seasoned with insider insights and observations. HISTORY®, now reaching more than 98 million homes, is the leading destination for award-winning original series and specials that connect viewers with history in an informative, immersive, and entertaining manner across all platforms. The network’s all-original programming slate features a roster of hit series, epic miniseries, and scripted event programming. Visit us at HISTORY.com for more info.
Views: 177051 HISTORY
Columbus, de Gama, and Zheng He! 15th Century Mariners. Crash Course: World History #21
 
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In which John Green teaches you about the beginning of the so-called Age of Discovery. You've probably heard of Christopher Columbus, who "discovered" America in 1492, but what about Vasco da Gama? How about Zheng He? Columbus gets a bad rap from many modern historians, but it turns out he was pretty important as far as the history of the world goes. That said, he wasn't the only pioneer plying the seas in the 1400s. In Portugal, Vasco da Gama was busy integrating Europe into the Indian Ocean Trade by sailing around Africa. Chinese admiral Zheng He was also traveling far and wide in the largest wooden ships ever built. Columbus, whether portrayed as hero or villain, is usually credited as the great sailor of the 15th century, but he definitely wasn't the only contender. What better way to settle this question than with a knock-down, drag-out, no holds barred, old-fashioned battle royal? We were going to make it a cage match, but welding is EXPENSIVE. Resources: The Age of Reconnaissance by JH Parry - An explanation of the technologies that made these voyages possible, and a nice detailed record of many of the important voyages. http://dft.ba/-discovery When China Ruled the Sea by Louise Levathes: A history of the Ming dynasty's ventures into maritime exploration. http://dft.ba/-zhenghedragon Unknown Seas by Ronald Watkins: A highly readable account of Vasco da Gama's introduction of europe into the Indian Ocean trade. http://dft.ba/-vasco Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! ‪http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! ‪http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 2902412 CrashCourse
THE FIRST VOYAGE - Christopher Columbus ep. 2 - EN
 
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On his first sea voyage, young Columbus visits the Isle of Chios; it is then that he first experiences life aboard a boat and "learns the ropes" of sailing. One day, the captain decides to cancel a port of call to ensure a swifter arrival, a decision which greatly upsets the sailors; for this he promises two days of rest at Chios. However, after only a brief stay at the Isle of Chios, the captain decides to leave again immediately, promising the crew double their regular pay; most of the crew go along with this, but John does not agree, fearing a storm. click here to watch the full playlist: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P8WdNw9qMAA&list=PLYXievo3ibiUmVzVyvIEfnkHHEdga3GR7 SUBSCRIBE to our channel: http://www.youtube.com/channel/UC1H4TpuRT7msxfqG0jt3sNw?sub_confirmation=1
Views: 26922 MONDO WORLD
3rd August 1492: Christopher Columbus sets sail from Spain
 
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While Columbus captained the Santa María, Palos natives commonly referred to as the Pinzón brothers captained the Pinta and the Santa Clara which is better known by its nickname the Niña. A third Pinzón brother, was the master of the Pinta. None of the ships belonged to Columbus himself and, despite the voyage officially being supported by the Catholic Monarchs Ferdinand and Isabella, they forced the inhabitants of the port to contribute towards the costs associated with supplying and equipping them. In the case of the Pinta, its owners had even been forced to send the ship on the voyage against their wishes, leading to suspicions of sabotage when the rudder broke after just three days at sea. The ships sailed first to the Canary Islands, which they reached after six days. Here they repaired the rudder of the Pinta and restocked with provisions for the Atlantic crossing, which they began on the 6th September from the port of San Sebastián de la Gomera. However, it is Palos de la Frontera that holds the real title as the starting point of Columbus’ transatlantic voyage. The town also played a significant role in the later Christianisation of the New World since it continued to be a departure point for later westward voyages and was the location of the Franciscan Rábida Monastery that sent some of the first missionaries to the Americas.
Views: 2379 HistoryPod
Columbus- Discoverer of America | Christopher Columbus | Christopher Columbus Voyage to a New World
 
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Personalities and Events: Columbus Day | Christopher Columbus: First Landing of Columbus on the Shores of the New World; Observed by Various countries in the Americas, Italy, Spain, Various Little Italy’s around the world. Type: Historical Significance: Celebrations honoring Christopher Columbus's first voyage to the Americas in 1492 Date: October 12 (actual/traditional); second Monday in October (observed in the United States) The music of the video was taken from the channel: longzijun Audio Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Eh3AuwiG9L0 Video by Edupedia World (www.edupediaworld.com), Free Online Education. Download our App : https://goo.gl/1b6LBg Click here https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLJumA3phskPExt5LAV-hJ2MtAXcfCKSYJ for more interesting videos on Personalities and Events. All Rights Reserved.
Views: 2678 Edupedia World
Dominican Republic: The posthumous travels of Christopher Columbus
 
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Christopher Columbus may have been a great explorer in life, but he continued to travel long after his death. Initially buried in Spain his daughter-in-law took his remains and those of her husband, Diego Columbus, back to the Dominican Republic. In the years that followed recognition of Christopher’s exploits grew and his bones were moved to Cuba and then back to Spain. Or were they? Where is Columbus buried and can DNA solve the problem? For more information: visit www.ontopoftheworld.net and check out episode #166 in the International category.
Views: 2139 Anne Martin
Model ship Construction - Santa Maria - Ship Carrack -  First voyage Christopher Columbus 1492
 
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Model ship Construction - Santa María (ship) Gallega Construction ship model and photo by Nasos Dokos Video Editor: Takis Kladis La Santa María de la Inmaculada Concepción (Spanish for The Holy Mary of the Immaculate Conception), or La Santa María, was the largest of the three ships used by Christopher Columbus in his first voyage. Her master and owner was Juan de la Cosa. Name: Santa María de la Inmaculada Concepción (originally La Gallega) Owner: Juan de la Cosa Launched: 1460 Struck: 25 December 1492 Fate: Ran aground History The Santa María was built in Pontevedra, Galicia, in Spain's north-west region.The Santa María was probably a medium-sized nau (carrack), about 58 ft (17.7 m) long on deck, and according to Juan Escalante de Mendoza in 1575, the Santa Maria was "very little larger than 100 toneladas" (about 100 tons, or tuns) burthen, or burden,and was used as the flagship for the expedition. The Santa María had a single deck and three masts. The other ships of the Columbus expedition were the bigger caravel-type ships Santa Clara, remembered as La Niña ("The Girl"), and La Pinta ("The Painted"). All these ships were second-hand (if not third- or more) and were not intended for exploration. The Niña, Pinta, and the Santa María were modest-sized merchant vessels comparable in size to a modern cruising yacht. The exact measurements of length and width of the three ships have not survived, but good estimates of their burden capacity can be judged from contemporary anecdotes written down by one or more of Columbus' crew members, and contemporary Spanish and Portuguese shipwrecks from the late 15th and early 16th centuries which are comparable in size to that of the Santa Maria. These include the ballast piles and keel lengths of the Molasses Reef Wreck and Highborn Cay Wreck in the Bahamas. Both were caravel vessels 19 m (62 ft) in length overall, 12.6 m (41 ft) keel length and 5 to 5.7 m (16 to 19 ft) in width, and rated between 100 and 150 tons burden.The Santa María, being Columbus' largest ship, was only about this size, and the Niña and Pinta were smaller, at only 50 to 75 tons burden and perhaps 15 to 18 meters (50 to 60 feet) on deck (updated dimensional estimates are discussed below in the section entitled Replicas). A Spanish vessel in those days was given an official religious name, but was generally known by a nickname, oftentimes a feminine form of either her master's patronymic, or of her home port. Bartolomé de Las Casas, a priest and historian who extensively chronicled Columbus' expeditions, never used the name Santa María in his writings, and instead called the ship La Capitana ("flagship") or La Nao. Indeed, Columbus himself, in his detailed logs, only called it La Capitana.Some claim that the ship was known to her sailors as Marigalante ("Gallant Maria"), but that nickname was in fact given to the Santa María '​s namesake replacement, used on Columbus's second voyage. Carrack A carrack or nau was a three- or four-masted sailing ship developed in the 15th century by the Genoese for use in commerce. They were widely used by Europe's 15th-century maritime powers, from the Mediterranean to northwest Europe, although each region had models of slightly different design. The Portuguese and the Spanish utilized them for oceanic travel and to explore the world. They were usually square-rigged on the foremast and mainmast and lateen-rigged on the mizzenmast. They had a high rounded stern with large aftcastle, forecastle and bowsprit at the stem. Carracks were ocean-going ships: large enough to be stable in heavy seas, and roomy enough to carry provisions for long voyages. In Genoese the ship was called caracca or nao (ship), in Portuguese nau, while in Spanish carraca or nao. In French it was called a caraque or nef. The name carrack probably derives from the Arab Harraqa, a type of ship that first appeared along the shores of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers around the 9th century. As the forerunner of the great ships of the age of sail, the carrack was one of the most influential ship designs in history; while ships became more specialized, the basic design remained unchanged throughout this time period. Christopher Columbus (Italian: Cristoforo Colombo; Spanish: Cristóbal Colón; Portuguese: Cristóvão Colombo; born between 31 October 1450 and 30 October 1451, died 20 May 1506) was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer, citizen of the Republic of Genoa. Under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain, he completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean. Those voyages, and his efforts to establish permanent settlements on the island of Hispaniola, initiated the Spanish colonization of the New World. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_Mar%C3%ADa_(ship) Τάκης Κλάδης takisk23
Views: 25573 For Life
Columbus' Lost Voyage - 1of10
 
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Ten years after his famous 1492 voyage, Christopher Columbus awaited the gallows on criminal charges in a Caribbean prison. He plotted an escape--a last voyage that would restore his reputation. This last and most treacherous journey ended with the loss of all four of his ships and Columbus and his crew shipwrecked.
Views: 100362 AllHistories
Ferdinand Magellan  - First Circumnavigation of the Earth
 
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Made in collaboration with Epic History TV, check out the other episode in this double bill, Francis Drake here: https://youtu.be/WiwEwSdKh0c Ferdinand Magellan - first circumnavigation of the Earth completed by Juan Sebastián Elcano. Please consider supporting our videos on Patreon https://www.patreon.com/simplehistory Please do not reupload our content! SIMPLE HISTORY MERCHANDISE Get the SImple History books on Amazon: https://www.amazon.com/Daniel-Turner-%60/e/B00H5TYLAE/ T-Shirts https://www.zazzle.com/simplehistory/gifts?cg=196817456987349853 Simple history gives you the facts, simple! See the book collection here: Amazon USA http://www.amazon.com/Daniel-Turner/e/B00H5TYLAE/ Amazon UK http://www.amazon.co.uk/Daniel-Turner/e/B00H5TYLAE/ http://www.simplehistory.co.uk/ https://www.facebook.com/Simple-History-549437675141192/ https://twitter.com/simple_guides Credit: Created by Daniel Turner Narrator: Charles Nove Music Credit ‘LIFE IS’, ‘EIDOLON’, ‘STARS IN HER SKIES’ by Scott Buckley – www.scottbuckley.com.au ‘Attribution 4.0 International’ Banner of Charles I of Spain: Proof02 via Wikimedia CC BY-SA 3.0
Views: 1036530 Simple History
DOCUMENTARY NEW   HISTORY of Columbus' Lost Voyage esp02
 
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DOCUMENTARY NEW HISTORY of Columbus' Lost Voyage esp02 he true story of Christopher Columbus was not only one of victorious discovery; it was also marked by disaster, accusation, and betrayal. Ten short years after his discovery of the New World, Columbus languished in a Caribbean prison. There, awaiting the gallows, he plotted what he called his most treacherous voyage - one that ended with the loss of all four of his ships and left Columbus and his crew shipwrecked with little hope of survival. Now, the History Channel brings to life the perilous catastrophes and dizzying triumphs of Columbus last voyage. Popular historian, explorer, and acclaimed author of The Last Voyage of Columbus, Martin Dugard, travels in the wake of the great explorer, visiting the key sites of Columbus discoveries and disasters, such as Panama, Jamaica, and Hispaniola, reliving one of history s most epic - and forgotten - adventures. Interviews with local experts and dramatic recreations reveal the truth about the last, untold journey, and paint an intimate portrait of this complex and courageous hero.
Columbus' Lost Voyage - 9of10
 
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Ten years after his famous 1492 voyage, Christopher Columbus awaited the gallows on criminal charges in a Caribbean prison. He plotted an escape--a last voyage that would restore his reputation. This last and most treacherous journey ended with the loss of all four of his ships and Columbus and his crew shipwrecked.
Views: 21390 AllHistories
Christopher Columbus was a Real Jerk! | The 4th Voyage History
 
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Christopher Columbus was far from the man you learned about in school. We tell you what really happened on his fourth voyage and just how big of a con-artist he really was. Don’t miss history, SUBSCRIBE ►http://bit.ly/1U0izNE Follow us on TWITTER ► http://www.twitter.com/laughhistory Like on FACEBOOK ► http://www.facebook.com/laughinghistorically --- ABOUT US: Join brothers Brandon and Nevin on their crazy trip through time as they dive into some of the weirdest (but true!) and most interesting bits of world history. Laughing Historically is a fun educational web show that’s teacher/classroom friendly and great for kids of all ages! --- TERMS: Christopher Columbus - 1451-1506 was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer. Under the patronage of Spain, he completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean. He is usually credited with starting the European period of exploration and conquest of the Americas. The New World - is an historic reference to the American continents. Native Americans - Indigenous people of the North and south american continents comprised of numerous distinct tribes and ethnic groups. Commonly known as Indians or American Indians. --- TRANSCRIPT: Christopher Columbus, first man to discover the New World, except for this guy and maybe this guy and all of these people, so lets move on. What happened when Columbus finally arrived in the New World? He saw a land rife for plundering (especially for the burgeoning slave trade) and convinced his funders Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain to allow him to return four more times to tap into this new market. On his fourth voyage, Columbus hits a huge problem, he gets worms. Well, his wooden ships do and they start to fill with holes. So the captain decides to land his ships in St. Anne’s Bay, Jamaica to repair them. Due to the difficulty of the repairs and being in Jamaica, which is highly relaxing, it takes Columbus and his crew several months. As they begin to run out of supplies, the crew decides to borrow food, supplies and shelter from the indigenous people - without saying “please.” No surprise, the local people grow very angry with Columbus and his crew for overstaying their welcome and the two groups verge on outright war. So, Columbus calls a meeting to try and settle the matter. He has an idea. When the leaders of the indigenous people arrive, Columbus makes an announcement: “The Almighty is unhappy. He doesn’t like the way you natives are treating Columbus and his sailors. The Almighty will show his disapproval by removing the Moon from the sky!” The natives scoff at Columbus, knowing that no one could know the will of the gods and return to preparing for battle. However, that night, darkness falls over Jamaica as the moon darkens and then disappears! The wizard had done it! The natives are terrified and run back to Columbus, pleading him to return the moon. They promise food and anything else he and his men want. After a few minutes, Columbus tells the people that the gods will forgive them and return the moon, if they promise to help him as much as possible. They agree and the moon returns shortly. After, he and his crew have no problems from the native people and take whatever he wants: food, gold, supplies, and even slaves. So how did Columbus do it? Did he have a massive moon-blocking machine created from coconuts? Did he make a deal with the dark lord himself? Was it aliens????? No, like any sailor, Christopher Columbus carried a sky almanac with him and knew that night, a lunar Eclipse, when the Earth blocks the light of the sun on the moon, would occur. Christopher Columbus, con-artist, liar, and genuinely awful person. If you ask us, the real heroes of this story were the Worms. Fun fact! Columbus didn’t discover the Earth was round. The ancient Greeks had figured that out back in 600 BC and by 1492, it was common knowledge.
Views: 24988 Laughing Historically
CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS || Admiral of the Ocean Sea
 
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Please watch: "How to Score 25 Out of 25 in RRB JE Reasoning 2019 | Syllabus, Questions and Preparation Strategy" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hKGTOOynn88 --~-- Christopher Columbus, the Admiral of the Ocean Sea, through his transatlantic voyages, became a worldwide historical personality. Called as the ‘discoverer’ of the New World, this courageous man took an unknown route on Aug 3, 1492 from Europe to find a Western Sea Route to China, India and the Gold and Spice Islands of Asia, but to a great surprise he discovered America which opened up opportunities for Europeans to explore this newly discovered land. The world remembers this great personality on this remarkable day which marks his incredible discovery.
THE FIRST STEPS TOWARDS REALIZATION OF THE EXPLORATORY VOYAGE - Christopher Columbus ep. 13 - EN
 
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Columbus and his son Diego find shelter together in the monastery of Rebida where he meets Father Perez and Father Marchena; both priests are enthusiastic about his project, and invite him to ask Duke Medina Sidonia to finance his voyage Columbus then departs the monastery, entrusting Diego under the care of the monks. click here to watch the full playlist: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P8WdNw9qMAA&list=PLYXievo3ibiUmVzVyvIEfnkHHEdga3GR7 SUBSCRIBE to our channel: http://www.youtube.com/channel/UC1H4TpuRT7msxfqG0jt3sNw?sub_confirmation=1
Views: 4339 MONDO WORLD
How Columbus Discovered America and his Voyage
 
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Christopher Columbus (Italian: Cristoforo Colombo;[a] c. 1451 – 20 May 1506) was an Italian explorer, navigator, colonizer, and citizen of the Republic of Genoa.[3] Under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain, he completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean. Those voyages and his efforts to establish permanent settlements on the island of Hispaniola initiated the European colonization of the New World. Western imperialism and economic competition were emerging among European kingdoms through the establishment of trade routes and colonies. Columbus proposed to reach the East Indies by sailing westward, and this eventually received the support of the Spanish Crown, which saw a chance to enter the spice trade with Asia through a new westward route. During his first voyage in 1492, he reached the New World instead of arriving at Japan as he had intended, landing on an island in the Bahamas archipelago that he named "San Salvador". Over the course of three more voyages, he visited the Greater and Lesser Antilles, as well as the Caribbean coast of Venezuela and Central America, claiming all of it for the Crown of Castile. Columbus was not the first European explorer to reach the Americas, having been preceded by the Viking expedition led by Leif Erikson in the 11th century,[4][5] but his voyages led to the first lasting European contact with the Americas, inaugurating a period of European exploration, conquest, and colonization that lasted several centuries. These voyages had, therefore, an enormous impact in the historical development of the modern Western world. He spearheaded the transatlantic slave trade and has been accused by several historians of initiating the genocide of the Hispaniola natives. Columbus himself saw his accomplishments primarily in the light of spreading the Christian religion.[6] Columbus never admitted that he had reached a continent previously unknown to Europeans, rather than the East Indies for which he had set course. He called the inhabitants of the lands that he visited indios (Spanish for "Indians").[7][8][9] His strained relationship with the Spanish crown and its appointed colonial administrators in America led to his arrest and dismissal as governor of the settlements on the island of Hispaniola in 1500, and later to protracted litigation over the benefits that he and his heirs claimed were owed to them by the crown.
Views: 6011 Planet27
The Route to India
 
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The second video in the planned series examining the advent of colonialism in India.   I decided to take you back 200 more years to give you context of how the sea route to India was discovered, which played a huge role in the motivation to increase the scale of trade with Asia.   Why did Europeans come to India in ships? Were they trying to unlock an achievement in Civilization V?   Conquerors: How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire, the book that inspired this video https://www.amazon.com/Conquerors-Portugal-Forged-Crowley-2016-08-04/dp/B01K92Z36Y/ref=tmm_pap_swatch_0?_encoding=UTF8&qid=&sr=&dpID=51qwUs7c4cL&preST=_SY344_BO1,204,203,200_QL70_&dpSrc=detail   Please feel free to ask me anything, or talk to me about anything. Including how I made this video. I'd love to hear you out! Backpackers photo: http://ucd.hwstatic.com/propertyimages/5/56976/1.jpg Backpackers photo 3: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8bK89dC88tI Columbus’ Article on wiki, Sources: Dias discovery shifting Portuguese attention to going around Africa: Murphy, Patrick J.; Coye, Ray W. (2013). Mutiny and Its Bounty: Leadership Lessons from the Age of Discovery. Yale University Press. Columbus’ tyranny: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2006/aug/07/books.spain Global Maritime Trade, Portugal’s proprietary knowledge- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F0MTbIVX4v8&index=24&list=PL49C7AA14331CFEF3 Portuguese Miniatures: http://theminiaturespage.com/news/291561 Old maps  http://historic-cities.huji.ac.il/search_a_z.html Free explosion sample: http://www.freeactionscript.com/2008/12/animated-explosion-effect/ Explosion effects: http://www.youtube.com/blinkfarm Empire : Total War - Navy Battles Trailer:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YY_BqeUaDN0 Origin of Chili peppers: http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-04/uoc--bot041614.php Bering Land Bridge and DNA evidence of native americans to east asians. http://theconversation.com/first-americans-lived-on-land-bridge-for-thousands-of-years-genetics-study-suggests-23747 William Style of Langley: http://www.tate.org.uk/art/artworks/british-school-17th-century-portrait-of-william-style-of-langley-t02308 Monopoly Buildings: http://bigredbat.blogspot.com/2015_02_01_archive.html Aircraft carrier: http://someone1fy.deviantart.com/art/Kriegsmarine-Aircraft-Carrier-and-battleship-427394740 submarine top view:http://igorkutuzov.deviantart.com/art/Nemo-Class-Space-Submarine-123985379 De Houtman: http://www.britannica.com/biography/Cornelis-de-Houtman Linschoten’s book: http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=rbc3&fileName=rbc0001_2007kis1964006000001page.db&recNum=51 Linschotens map of East Indies: http://www.nla.gov.au/apps/cdview/?pi=nla.map-rm4335-sd&rgn=&prevwidth=400&width=1200 Scurvy 1: http://www.angrysnowboarder.com/folder/uploads/2014/01/Picture-229.png Scurvy 1: http://www.angrysnowboarder.com/folder/uploads/2014/01/Picture-229.png
Views: 2219 undopandu
COLUMBUS RESOLVES TO MAKE A WESTWARD VOYAGE - Christopher Columbus ep. 10 - EN
 
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Here, Columbus meets a Jewish man by the name of Torres. Torres is fascinated by Columbus's ambition to sail to the Indies by way of a Western route. Torres promises him that he will acquire financing for the voyage by soliciting funds from his friends, many of whom happen to be the most significant and influential Genoese merchants. Unfortunately, Torres does not succeed in his task, and Columbus, feeling deceived by his hometown, decides never to return. click here to watch the full playlist: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P8WdNw9qMAA&list=PLYXievo3ibiUmVzVyvIEfnkHHEdga3GR7 SUBSCRIBE to our channel: http://www.youtube.com/channel/UC1H4TpuRT7msxfqG0jt3sNw?sub_confirmation=1
Views: 5350 MONDO WORLD
Columbus' Lost Voyage - 6of10
 
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Ten years after his famous 1492 voyage, Christopher Columbus awaited the gallows on criminal charges in a Caribbean prison. He plotted an escape--a last voyage that would restore his reputation. This last and most treacherous journey ended with the loss of all four of his ships and Columbus and his crew shipwrecked.
Views: 25492 AllHistories
CHRISTOpher Columbus 2nd Voyage / Slavery In The Caribbean
 
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Spain did not consider Indians to be equals,so they enslaved them...uploaded by;Dr.Stevie Lundy Jr.....tags- history of slavery in the Caribbean,slavery in the Caribbean documentary,slave trade in the Caribbean,caribbean slave trade,caribbean slavery documentary,caribbean slaves,caribbean history slavery,caribbean slave songs,indian slaves,african slaves in the Caribbean,african slavery in the caribbean
Views: 427 stevie lundyjr
How did early Sailors navigate the Oceans? | The Curious Engineer
 
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Do you know how the early sailors navigate the oceans? The technology today makes it real easy to navigate the oceans. But it's very interesting to know how the early sailors managed to navigate without it. There's a lot of history on it. I tried my best to compile some important and interesting parts of it into this video. Hope you like it :) ► Production Team Creator - Omkar Bhagat http://fb.com/omkarbhagat Narration - Haley Anne Chamberlain Nelson http://youtube.com/untamedscience ► Website and Social Links Twitter - http://twitter.com/thecuriousenggr Facebook - http://fb.com/thecuriousengineer Google+ - http://gplus.to/omkar4 Website - http://thecuriousengineer.org ► Attribution and Credits | Copyright Stuff Brightly Fancy Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1200071 Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ Sextant Image - Public Domain http://www.wpclipart.com/travel/sea_travel/sextant.png.html http://www.wpclipart.com/terms.html Hawaiin Hawk - (CC 2.0) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hawaiian_hawk#mediaviewer/File:Buteo_solitaries.jpg White Tern - Public Domain http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_tern#mediaviewer/File:White_tern_with_fish.jpg
Views: 597420 TheCuriousEngineer
Christopher Columbus's Journey
 
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Christoper Columbus had to convince King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella of Spain to set sail. Find out how he did it and some of the challenges he faced on his perilous journey! To find even more resources, check out http://bit.ly/PSocialStudies
Views: 14662 PearsonSocialStudies
HIS FIRST EXPLORATION VOYAGE - Christopher Columbus ep. 7 - EN
 
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It is at the School of Navigation where those participating in future sea expeditions are chosen. The first time Columbus is up for selection, he is not chosen as a ship mate because he his foreign. Nevertheless, he continues his ardent studies at the library. It is there he meets Felipa, the daughter of the Governor, notable for having written a collection of books about uncharted lands. Columbus finds himself attracted to Felipa, however, to his dismay, he learns she already has a boyfriend serving as a sea captain. Meanwhile, Columbus is finally offered the position of first officer aboard a cargo ship. click here to watch the full playlist: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P8WdNw9qMAA&list=PLYXievo3ibiUmVzVyvIEfnkHHEdga3GR7 SUBSCRIBE to our channel: http://www.youtube.com/channel/UC1H4TpuRT7msxfqG0jt3sNw?sub_confirmation=1
Views: 7209 MONDO WORLD
Columbus 4th Voyage
 
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*All rights are reserved to the owners or licensed.* * It is not intended to violate copyrighted material, which all belongs to its receptive owners. This Video Is Educational Purpose Only.* Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for "fair use" for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use.
Views: 52 Mr. Z
Model ship Construction - Nina - Ship Caravel -  First voyage Christopher Columbus 1492
 
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Model ship Construction - The Nina (Ship Caravel) Construction ship model and photo by Nasos Dokos Video Editor: Takis Kladis La Nina (Spanish for The Girl) was one of the three Spanish ships used by Italian explorer Christopher Columbus in his first voyage to the West Indies in 1492. As was tradition for Spanish ships of the day, she bore a female saint's name, Santa Clara. However, she was commonly referred to by her nickname, La Niña, which was probably a pun on the name of her owner, Juan Niño of Moguer. She was a standard caravel-type vessel. The other ships of the Columbus expedition were the caravel-type Pinta and the carrack-type Santa María. The Niña was by far Columbus's favorite. She was originally lateen sail rigged caravela latina, but she was re-rigged as caravela redonda at Azores with square sails for better ocean performance. There is no authentic documentation on the specifics of the Niña's design, although Michele de Cuneo, who accompanied Columbus on his second voyage, mentioned that the Nina was "about 60 toneladas" (60 tons), which may indicate a medium sized Caravel of around 50 feet (15 m) in length on deck. Often said to have had three masts, there is some evidence she may have had four masts. The Niña, like the Pinta and Santa María, was a smaller trade ship built to sail the Mediterranean sea, not the open ocean. It was greatly surpassed in size by ships like the Peter von Danzig of the Hanseatic League, built in 1462, 51 m (167 ft) in length, and the English carrack Grace Dieu, built during the period 1420–1439, 66.4 m (218 ft) in length and weighing between 1,400 tons and 2,750 tons. History On Columbus' first expedition, the Niña carried 24 men, captained by Vicente Yáñez Pinzón. They left Palos de la Frontera on August 3, 1492, stopping at the Canary Islands on August 12, 1492, and continued westward. Landfall was made in the Bahamas at dawn on October 12, 1492. On February 14, 1493, in the east of the Azores, a storm threatened to capsize the Niña, and at Columbus' instigation, he and the crew took a series of vows to perform certain acts including religious pilgrimages upon their return to Spain. The Niña reached Lisbon, Portugal, on March 4, 1493, and arrived in Palos de la Frontera on March 15, 1493.On the first voyage to America, the crew of the Niña slept on the deck but adopted the use of hammocks after seeing Native Americans utilizing them. In September 1493, the Niña joined a grand fleet of 17 ships for the second voyage to Hispaniola, becoming the flagship for an exploration of Cuba. She was the only ship to survive the 1495 hurricane, returning quickly to Spain in 1496. The Niña was then chartered for an unauthorized voyage to Rome. She was captured by a pirate corsair when leaving the port of Cagliari and brought to Cape Pula, Sardinia. The Captain, Alonso Medel, escaped with a few men. He stole a boat, rowed back to the Niña, and made sail, returning to Cadiz. In 1498, she returned to Hispaniola as advance guard of Columbus' Third Voyage. She was lying in wait at Santo Domingo in 1500. In 1501, she made a trading voyage to the Pearl Coast on the island of Cubagua, Venezuela, and no further log of her is found in historic archives. The Niña logged at least 25,000 nautical miles (46,000 km) under Columbus' command. Christopher Columbus (Italian: Cristoforo Colombo; Spanish: Cristóbal Colón; Portuguese: Cristóvão Colombo; born between 31 October 1450 and 30 October 1451, died 20 May 1506) was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer, citizen of the Republic of Genoa. Under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain, he completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean. Those voyages, and his efforts to establish permanent settlements on the island of Hispaniola, initiated the Spanish colonization of the New World. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ni%C3%B1a ships model Τάκης Κλάδης takisk23
Views: 12241 For Life
Columbus' Lost Voyage - 5of10
 
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Ten years after his famous 1492 voyage, Christopher Columbus awaited the gallows on criminal charges in a Caribbean prison. He plotted an escape--a last voyage that would restore his reputation. This last and most treacherous journey ended with the loss of all four of his ships and Columbus and his crew shipwrecked.
Views: 27375 AllHistories
ROUTE OF VASCO DA GAMA ANIMATION ON A MAP
 
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ROUTE OF VASCO DA GAMA ANIMATION ON A MAP Gama, Vasco da (1469?-1524), Portuguese explorer and navigator, who was the first European to reach India by the sea route. Da Gama was born in Sines, Alemtejo (now Baixo Alentejo). In his youth he participated in the wars against Castile. Commissioned by Manuel, king of Portugal, to reach India by sea, da Gama sailed from Lisbon with four ships on July 9, 1497. In November he rounded the Cape of Good Hope (first rounded in 1488 by the Portuguese navigator Bartolomeu Dias) and anchored at Malindi on the east coast of Africa. With the aid of a pilot secured through Indian merchants in that port, da Gama directed his course eastward and on May 20, 1498, reached Calicut (now Kozhikode) on the Malabar Coast of India. Because of the hostility of Muslim merchants, he could not establish a Portuguese trading station there. After fighting his way out of the harbor of Calicut, he returned to Portugal in 1499. Da Gama was welcomed with praise, rewarded financially, and permitted to use the prefix Dom with his name. To follow up the discoveries of da Gama, the Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral was immediately dispatched to India, and he established a Portuguese trading post in Calicut. When news reached Portugal that those stationed in Calicut by Cabral had been massacred, da Gama, who had been given the title of admiral of India, was sent to avenge that act. On the route to Calicut he established Portuguese colonies at Mozambique and Sofala (now part of Mozambique), in east Africa. After arriving in Calicut, da Gama subdued the inhabitants and forced the raja to make peace. Bearing a rich cargo of spice, he left India and sailed back to Portugal in 1503. For the next 20 years he saw no active sea duty. He received the title of count of Vidigueira in 1519, and in 1524 he was named viceroy and sent to India to correct the mounting corruption among the Portuguese authorities there. Da Gama reached India in the fall of 1524, but he died in Cochin only three months after his arrival. If you like, give it up and share it so that I can continue collaborating with more videos like this. Subscribe to my channel Inerciauruguay AND YOU CAN FIND OUT EVERY TIME I SUIT A VIDEO LIKE THIS, GREETINGS
Views: 12604 Inerciauruguay
Spain 1492 - The Expulsion of the Jews and Columbus's Journey
 
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This clip shows the historical proximity of the two decrees by Ferdinand and Isabella: The decree to expel the Jews from Spain, and the decree to launch Columbus's first journey. Part of a DVD series called "Out of Spain" narrated by former Israeli President Yitzhak Navon. Available on Amazon and Netflix.
Views: 12695 NyJazzGuit
THE FLEET SETS SAIL - Christopher Columbus ep. 20 - EN
 
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After the approval of the project, Columbus relocates to Santa Fè where he drafts a contract the for the Spanish Royal Family with the terms for his expedition. From Santa Fè, he then goes to Palos from where he will set out the expedition. However, to the dismay of the Genoese sailor, there is great difficulty recruiting sailors for the expedition, in spite of a royal decree ordering the city of Palos to furnish him with three caravel ships and a crew to fit. click here to watch the full playlist: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P8WdNw9qMAA&list=PLYXievo3ibiUmVzVyvIEfnkHHEdga3GR7 SUBSCRIBE to our channel: http://www.youtube.com/channel/UC1H4TpuRT7msxfqG0jt3sNw?sub_confirmation=1
Views: 4063 MONDO WORLD
History: The Pilgrims Journey Documentary
 
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Impacts of the English in the New World ( Pilgrims ) Some 100 people, many of them seeking religious freedom in the New World, set sail from England on the Mayflower in September 1620. That November, the ship landed on the shores of Cape Cod, in present-day Massachusetts. A scouting party was sent out, and in late December the group landed at Plymouth Harbor, where they would form the first permanent settlement of Europeans in New England. These original settlers of Plymouth Colony are known as the Pilgrim Fathers, or simply as the Pilgrims.
Views: 565734 The History Guy
The Journey Of Christopher Columbus
 
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Christopher Columbus said and found a island called Caribbean and then found America.
Views: 861 Riesrockets
Christopher Columbus' voyage to the Americas
 
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In 1492 the Italian born navigator Christopher Columbus set off on behalf of Spain to find a direct water route to Asia. After three tough months on the ocean, Columbus and his team accidentally stumbled upon an unknown Caribbean island. This discovery was to set the course for horrible events for all the native peoples of the Americas as slavery and forced labour took off at an industrial level, all for Spain's profit. This colonisation cost millions of indigenous people their lives. A tragedy beyond compare!
"Sail The Ocean Blue" - A Columbus Day Celebration!
 
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This is a song I wrote in honor of Columbus Day, an official American holiday where we honor Christopher Columbus! Celebrate with me!
Views: 50730 Gabriel Gundacker
Columbus & the New World (Jay-Z's "Empire State of Mind Parody)
 
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Love him or hate him, Columbus is a great place to start our Fall Semester of American History. Get a free 30-Day Trial of AUDIBLE: http://www.audibletrial.com/mrbettsclass Support MrBettsClass at http://patreon.com/MrBettsClass MrBettsClass T-Shirt: http://www.redbubble.com/people/mrbettsclass/works/24037958-mr-betts-class-official-t-shirt?asc=u Historical Parody/Skits every Thursday Follow on Twitter: http://twitter.com/MrBettsClass Instagram: http://instagram.com/MrBettsClass Like on FaceBook: http://facebook.com/MrBettsClass "En la Brisa" Music by Dan-O at http://DanoSongs.com Yeah we out that Dark Age, cruising through the Renaissance Ever since the Crusades, Asian goods what we want Friends of the Venetians, Ottomans’ got routes to there But Venice ain’t gonna share, Prince Henry he don’t care School of Navigation, Henry starts in Portugal to Sail the sea of darkness, African coast, Bartolomeu Dias goes from Lisbon, south to the Cape of Storms Later comes de Gama to Calicut, eastern sea route’s born Ask me how they do that, the astrolabe Latitude we know, longitude, for that, we pray But we got the best maps, better cartography Learned it from the Muslims, speak of them, they had to flee After Granada, the Reconquista Finally complete, Ferd and Is looking east-a Want a trade route, oh so very desperately They would fund my 3 ships setting sail westernly to the New World, continents I mistook for Asia In 1492 This is a New World? Wait, is this not Indonesia Oh well, guess it will do I found a New World, New World, New World It didn’t take long ‘til others seeking fortune came Conquistadors with their swords seeking gold and fame Natives think the are gods, or is that a rumor Aztecs, look out! Cortez coming, ganking Montezuma Atahualpa’s kidnapped, ransom paid but it’s a trap Francisco Pizarro got Inca in his grasp With their guns, and cannons, better run, from these men But no feet are outrunning the diseases that they brought with them And millions fall dead, millions more are enslaved Forced to mine for silver and gold, dig their own graves Encomienda says it’s right, it’s all okay If you making Christians, you can have ‘em as slaves Bartolomé de las Casas Says this is evil, vosotros, please stop this Others will cross the sea, to get in the game For now colonies are all part of New Spain Here comes Portugal trying to get some Pope draws a line of demarcation Amerigo Vespucci makes it clear This is better than Asia This is a new tierra, tierra New World, soon comes Cabot, Cartier, Hudson, Everybody wants some Piece of the New World Still I was first European Don’t count Leif Erikson To reach the New World, New World, New World
Views: 68943 MrBettsClass
Discovery of sea route to India
 
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did anyone of you travelled to India from sea,if your answer is yes. do you know how this route is dicovere? to know the answer watch this video till end. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - -- - subscribe me on YouTube:-https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCESOalSG4q6yWpx31oV7s-Q follow me on :-https://www.facebook.com/Learn-It-580322615691944/ support us on:-https://www.patreon.com/nagasai - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - -- - Keep learning!
Views: 4271 learn It
Columbus' Lost Voyage - 8of10
 
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Ten years after his famous 1492 voyage, Christopher Columbus awaited the gallows on criminal charges in a Caribbean prison. He plotted an escape--a last voyage that would restore his reputation. This last and most treacherous journey ended with the loss of all four of his ships and Columbus and his crew shipwrecked.
Views: 22283 AllHistories
The Voyage of Columbus 3d Screensaver
 
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Explore!!!
Views: 14359 VFlyingSoldierV
Christopher Columbus' voyage
 
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Christopher Columbus is an Italian born navigator/explorer who has had several voyages over the sea. He Was born in 1451 and passed away on the 20th of may, 1506 and is known for establishing a European civilisation in America. Columbus reached the Americas by accident and only went there thinking it was an Asian island. During this time, Columbus took advantage of the peace making natives on the islands by starting a genocide with them. When coming back after reaching the Americas, Columbus believed he had reached Asia and reported this to officials. By doing this, the officials gave him several hundred man to set voyage with whom were all set to migrate to Asia, not knowing that in fact they were heading to the Americas.
Views: 96 8 Ryan
Columbus' Lost Voyage - 7of10
 
09:54
Ten years after his famous 1492 voyage, Christopher Columbus awaited the gallows on criminal charges in a Caribbean prison. He plotted an escape--a last voyage that would restore his reputation. This last and most treacherous journey ended with the loss of all four of his ships and Columbus and his crew shipwrecked.
Views: 24537 AllHistories
The Voyage of Christopher Columbus.
 
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Christopher and Martin set off on an epic Journey, but encounter many difficulties!
Views: 98 Zack Porter