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Videos uploaded by user “The Cynical Historian”
Initial Conquest | California History [ep.1]
 
07:06
For a playlist of the entire History of California series: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjnwpaclU4wUD7y8912ViyAtGfraKi9ru Today, I’m going to start a new series. Since I live in California, and have done a bunch of California history, I thought it’s about time YouTube had a history of California. So without further ado, here is The History of California. ------------------------------------------------------------ references: Angel, Myron. History of San Luis Obispo County, California, with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of its Prominent Men and Pioneers. Oakland, Cal.: Thompson & West, 1883. https://archive.org/details/historyofsanluis00ange Bancroft, Hubert Howe. The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft. 39 Vols. San Francisco, Calif.: The History Company, 1890. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hubert_Howe_Bancroft#Published_works Deverell, William. Whitewashed Adobe: The Rise of Los Angeles and the Remaking of its Mexican Past. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004. https://amzn.to/2u75NKd Hackel, Steven. Children of Coyote, Missionaries of Saint Francis: Indian-Spanish Relations in Colonial California, 1769-1850. Chapel Hill, N.Car.: University of North Carolina Press, 2005. https://amzn.to/2urVVuq Hall-Patton, Joseph. Pacifying Paradise: Violence and Vigilantism in San Luis Obispo. CA: Cal Poly, 2016. http://www.digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/theses/1594/ Langum, David. Law and Community on the Mexican California Frontier: Anglo American Expatriates and the Clash of Legal Traditions, 1821-1846. San Diego, Cal.: Vanard Lithographers, 2006. https://amzn.to/2NNyofL Sandos, James A. Converting California: Indians and Franciscans in the Missions, 1769–1836. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2004. https://amzn.to/2upbVxh https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_California https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indigenous_peoples_of_California https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Population_of_Native_California https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francisco_de_Ulloa https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_Rodr%C3%ADguez_Cabrillo https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manila_galleon https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baja_California https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portol%C3%A1_expedition https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_Portol%C3%A1_expedition Special thanks to Mark Hall-Patton for proofreading this script ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 contribute to my Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ Wiki: European explorers flying the flags of Spain and of England explored the Pacific Coast of California beginning in the mid-16th century. Francisco de Ulloa explored the west coast of present-day Mexico including the Gulf of California, proving that Baja California was a peninsula,[8] but in spite of his discoveries the myth persisted in European circles that California was an island. Rumors of fabulously wealthy cities located somewhere along the California coast, as well as a possible Northwest Passage that would provide a much shorter route to the Indies, provided an incentive to explore further. 1.2.1 First European contact (1542) 1.2.2 Spanish trading route (1565) 1.2.3 Francis Drake's claim (1579) ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #history #California #conquest #Portola #Serra #ManilGalleons #discovery
Views: 36151 The Cynical Historian
The Founder | Based on a True Story
 
13:37
This one is a contender for best historical film of 2016. The Founder is an amazing movie about the beginning of the McDonald's food chain. Seriously, more films should take ques from this. ------------------------------------------------------------ references: http://www.historyvshollywood.com/reelfaces/founder/ http://time.com/money/4602541/the-founder-mcdonalds-movie-accuracy/ http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,989785,00.html https://www.bustle.com/p/how-accurate-is-the-founder-the-true-facts-about-mcdonalds-will-surprise-you-30010 https://www.washingtonpost.com/entertainment/the-founder-paints-a-mixed-portrait-of-the-man-who-took-mcdonalds-global/2017/01/19/93b07f22-dcdc-11e6-918c-99ede3c8cafa_story.html https://www.theatlantic.com/entertainment/archive/2017/01/the-founder-mcdonalds-ray-kroc-review/513590/ https://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/20/business/media/the-founder-like-ray-kroc-feasts-on-mcdonalds-imagery.html?_r=0 http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-11-24/the-founder-mcdonalds-origin-story-takes-shine-off-golden-arches/8051066 http://www.cbsnews.com/news/the-real-founder/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ray_Kroc https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_and_Maurice_McDonald ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 contribute to my Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ Wiki: The Founder is a 2016 American biographical drama film directed by John Lee Hancock and written by Robert Siegel. The film stars Michael Keaton as businessman Ray Kroc, and portrays the story of his creation of the McDonald's fast food chain. Nick Offerman and John Carroll Lynch co-star as McDonald's founders Richard and Maurice McDonald. The film premiered at Arclight Hollywood on December 7, 2016 and was released in the United States on January 20, 2017, by The Weinstein Company. It grossed $23 million worldwide and received generally positive reviews from critics, with praise for Keaton's performance. ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #TheFounder #McDonalds #Review #BasedOnATrueStory #RayKroc
Views: 116549 The Cynical Historian
Valkyrie | Based on a True Story
 
04:21
Valkyrie is surprisingly accurate, but in its tone, it misses the mark entirely. It makes the leader of the conspiracy into someone the audience is supposed to identify with, which is problematic. ------------------------------------------------------------ more videos: previous: https://youtu.be/rMBv6xZkJ60 related: https://youtu.be/47hk1GDoPNU ------------------------------------------------------------ references: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valkyrie_(film)#Historical_accuracy http://www.theguardian.com/film/video/2009/jun/08/tom-cruise-valkyrie https://prezi.com/odq27zkvokxt/historical-critique-valkyrie/ https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2009/02/valk-f02.html ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 contribute to my Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ wiki: Valkyrie is a 2008 American-German historical thriller film set in Nazi Germany during World War II. The film depicts the 20 July plot in 1944 by German army officers to assassinate Adolf Hitler and to use the Operation Valkyrie national emergency plan to take control of the country. Valkyrie was directed by Bryan Singer for the American studio United Artists, and the film stars Tom Cruise as Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg, one of the key plotters. The cast included Kenneth Branagh, Bill Nighy, Eddie Izzard, Terence Stamp and Tom Wilkinson. Cruise's casting caused controversy among German politicians and members of the von Stauffenberg family due to the actor's practice of Scientology, which is viewed with suspicion in Germany. Because of this, the filmmakers initially had difficulty setting up filming locations in Germany, but they were later given access to film in locations, including Berlin's historic Bendlerblock. German newspapers and filmmakers supported the film and its attempt to spread global awareness of von Stauffenberg's plot. The film changed release dates several times, from as early as June 27, 2008, to as late as February 14, 2009. The changing calendar and poor response to United Artists' initial marketing campaign drew criticism about the studio's viability. After a positive test screening, Valkyrie's release in North America was ultimately changed to December 25, 2008. United Artists renewed its marketing campaign to reduce its focus on Cruise and to highlight Singer's credentials. The film received mixed reviews in the United States and in Germany, where it opened commercially on January 22, 2009. ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #Valkyrie #Stauffenberg #Review #BasedOnATrueStory
Views: 27563 The Cynical Historian
Is the United States more violent now?
 
07:30
Considering all of the violence in recent news, I think it's time we look into whether or not America has become more or less violent. The answer may be surprising to some, but it may ease a little of the fear that the news media tries to extend. ------------------------------------------------------------ external links: A breakdown of violent crime rates in America by year: http://www.disastercenter.com/crime/uscrime.htm wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crime_in_the_United_States http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joaquin_Murrieta http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H._H._Holmes http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Blair_Mountain http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Railroad_Strike_of_1877 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Southwest_railroad_strike_of_1886 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coal_Creek_War http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_strikes http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bonus_Army http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1992_Los_Angeles_riots ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #history
Views: 9108 The Cynical Historian
Assassin's Creed doesn't understand its title | Engaging Etymology
 
04:59
There's been a problem built into the Assassin's Creed series since the very beginning, and that is a lack of care for the history it is depicting. While recent iterations might have that complaint about them, the initial premise (given with the title) is perhaps the worst inaccuracy of the entire series. ------------------------------------------------------------ more videos: Tycoon: https://youtu.be/VGHT2yn9cwM Connections: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjnwpaclU4wVV29iLhpj4qpESTRDU80i1 ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #assassins #etymology
Views: 17458 The Cynical Historian
Hacksaw Ridge | Based on a True Story
 
18:47
Hacksaw Ridge is a 2016 biographical war drama film about the World War II experiences of Desmond Doss, an American pacifist combat medic who was a Seventh-day Adventist Christian, refusing to carry or use a firearm or weapons of any kind. Doss became the first conscientious objector to be awarded the Medal of Honor, for service above and beyond the call of duty during the Battle of Okinawa. ------------------------------------------------------------ references: Veteran’s History Project http://memory.loc.gov/diglib/vhp/story/loc.natlib.afc2001001.32978/?loclr=eavhp (This interview is far better than the one I received) http://www.desmonddoss.com/ AMEDD oral history http://ameddregiment.amedd.army.mil/moh/bios/dossInt.html Desmond Doss, Medal of Honor Documentary https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JKdwsWdH3A4 This Is Your Life - Desmond Doss https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4_V6h6EJh9c http://www.historyvshollywood.com/reelfaces/hacksaw-ridge/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hacksaw_Ridge#Historical_accuracy http://time.com/4539373/hacksaw-ridge-movie-true-story/ ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 contribute to my Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #HacksawRidge #DesmondDoss #Review #BasedOnATrueStory #7thDayAdventists #ConscientiousObjector
Views: 258329 The Cynical Historian
Hostiles | Based on a True Story
 
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The epic western is back! Hostiles is great, but with one glaring and easily fixed flaw. This movie explores violence and hate inherent in the American West, in a way that no film has attempted in a long time. It is perfectly ambiguous, and you should watch the film. ------------------------------------------------------------ references: Hutton, Paul Andrew. The Apache Wars: The Hunt for Geronimo, the Apache Kid, and the Captive Boy Who Started the Longest War in American History. New York: Broadway Books, 2017. https://amzn.to/2KIk0aI (and thanks to Dr. Hutton for giving me some of the criticism for this review offhandedly - It's all your fault, hehehe) Hämäläinen, Pekka. The Comanche Empire. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2008. https://amzn.to/2m162C3 Lahti, Janne. Cultural Construction of Empire: The US Army in Arizona and New Mexico. Lincoln, University of Nebraska Press, 2012. https://amzn.to/2NHPZ8O Lamar, Howard Roberts. The Far Southwest, 1846-1912: A Territorial History. Rev. ed. New York: W. W. Norton, 1970. https://amzn.to/2KGIwsz White, Richard. Railroaded: The Transcontinentals and the Making of Modern America. New York: W. W. Norton, 2011. https://amzn.to/2zkURO3 ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 Support the channel through Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian or pick up some merchandise at SpreadShirt: https://shop.spreadshirt.com/cynicalhistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ Wiki: Hostiles is a 2017 American Western film written and directed by Scott Cooper, based on a story by Donald E. Stewart. It stars Christian Bale, Rosamund Pike, Wes Studi, Ben Foster, Stephen Lang, Jesse Plemons, Rory Cochrane, Adam Beach, Q'orianka Kilcher, and Timothée Chalamet. It follows a U.S. Cavalry officer who must escort a Cheyenne war chief and his family back to their home in Montana in 1892. ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #Hostiles #Review #Accuracy #USCavalry #IndianWars
Views: 26260 The Cynical Historian
Pearl Harbor | Based on a True Story
 
24:15
Why do people hate Pearl Harbor (2001) so much more than anything else? Why are other movies this bad historically beloved classics to some people, whereas this movie is so easily relegated to the dustbin. If anything, I’d say it’s more accurate than a lot of movies I review on this channel. What did Michael Bay, the director, miss on this? This is going to be deep dive into what is wrong here. ------------------------------------------------------------ references: Alan Axelrod, _America’s Wars_ (NY: John Wiley & Sons, 2002), 383-400. https://amzn.to/2NHcLOa Edwin Hoyt, _America’s Wars & Military Excursions_ (NY: McGraw-Hill Book Co, 1987), 400-422. https://amzn.to/2u9QGiP _America at War_ (NY: Simon & Schuster, 1998), 399-416. https://amzn.to/2uaLkEd Frank Wetta, “Review: Pearl Harbor by Michael Bay,” _The Journal of Military History_, v65, n4 (Oct. 2001) 1138-1140. https://web.archive.org/web/20010821171417/http://www.usni.org/navalhistory/articles01/NHsuid8.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pearl_Harbor_(film)#Critical_response ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 contribute to my Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ Wiki: Pearl Harbor is a 2001 American romantic period war film directed by Michael Bay, produced by Bay and Jerry Bruckheimer and written by Randall Wallace. It stars Ben Affleck, Kate Beckinsale, Josh Hartnett, Cuba Gooding Jr., Tom Sizemore, Jon Voight, Colm Feore and Alec Baldwin. The film is loosely based on the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941, and the Doolittle Raid. Despite receiving generally negative reviews from critics, the film was a major box office success, earning $59 million in its opening weekend and, in the end, nearly $450 million worldwide.[2] It was nominated for four Academy Awards, winning in the category of Best Sound Editing. However, it was also nominated for six Golden Raspberry Awards, including Worst Picture. This marked the first occurrence of a Worst-Picture-nominated film winning an Academy Award. ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #PearlHarbor #WWII #Review #BasedOnATrueStory #ToraToraTora #1941 #MichaelBay #DoolittleRaid
Views: 133295 The Cynical Historian
Will & Ariel Durant | Historians who changed History
 
04:35
Come, let me tell you of my favorite historians of all time - Will and Ariel Durant. Their books were once mandatory to any proper history collection, and even now are unmatched in worldly content. No textbook or "world historian" has ever come close to their monumental achievement. Durant, Will and Ariel Durant. The Complete Story of Civilization. Kindle. https://amzn.to/2NYVuiv Durant, Will. The Story of Philosophy: The Lives and Opinions of the World's Greatest Philosophers. Rev. Ed. 1926; New York: Pocket Books, 1961. https://amzn.to/2LPnTdy Bertrand Russell, A History of Western Philosophy, rep. ed. (1945; New York: Touchstone Book, 1972). https://amzn.to/2M2APcR ------------------------------------------------------------ more videos: previous: https://youtu.be/CfXW37GfnEE related: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjnwpaclU4wU5T64ixCALFUC6c6cQJjL- ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ wiki: William James "Will" Durant (/dəˈrænt/; November 5, 1885 – November 7, 1981) was an American writer, historian, and philosopher. He is best known for The Story of Civilization, 11 volumes written in collaboration with his wife, Ariel Durant, and published between 1935 and 1975. He was earlier noted for The Story of Philosophy (1926), described as "a groundbreaking work that helped to popularize philosophy".[1] He conceived of philosophy as total perspective or seeing things sub specie totius, a phrase inspired by Spinoza's sub specie aeternitatis.[2] He sought to unify and humanize the great body of historical knowledge, which had grown voluminous and become fragmented into esoteric specialties, and to vitalize it for contemporary application.[3] The Durants were awarded the Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction in 1968 and the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1977. The Story of Civilization, by husband and wife Will and Ariel Durant, is an eleven-volume set of books covering Western history for the general reader. The volumes sold well for many years, and sets of them were frequently offered by book clubs. An unabridged audiobook production of all eleven volumes was produced by Books On Tape Inc. and was read by Alexander Adams (aka Grover Gardner). The series was written over a span of more than four decades. It totals four million words across nearly 10,000 pages, but is incomplete. In the first volume (Our Oriental Heritage, which covers the history of the East through 1933), Will Durant stated that he wanted to include the history of the West through the early 20th century. However, the series ends with The Age of Napoleon because the Durants both died – she in her 80s and he in his 90s – before they could complete additional volumes. The first six volumes of The Story of Civilization are credited to Will Durant alone, with Ariel recognized only in the Acknowledgements. Beginning with The Age of Reason Begins, Ariel is credited as a co-author. The series won a Pulitzer Prize for General Nonfiction in 1968 with the 10th volume in the series, "Rousseau and Revolution." In the preface to the first volume, Durant states his intention to make the series in 5 volumes, although this would not turn out to be the case. ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #Durant #StoryOfCivilization #Durants #historians
Views: 10277 The Cynical Historian
American Presidential Tyranny (feat. The Exploration with Will Fox)
 
15:49
This was written 6 months ago, and the conclusion was not added later. Any semblance of topical subjects is purely coincidental, and was not built into this by myself, no matter how prescient it may sound given six months prior writing. We wanted to talk about how representative-democracy can be subverted or turned into tyranny - a pretty apt subject at any time. It is always a pressing matter. Here in the United States, we have a very clear way of defining tyranny within our government, yet it is somehow vague as well. Since our constitution was created in 1787, usurping that constitution has been the easiest way to proclaim someone as a tyrant. Check out The Exploration's episode on the rise of tyranny in Germany: https://youtu.be/DJUf8MxbcdA ------------------------------------------------------------ references: Richter, Daniel. Facing East from Indian Country: A Native History of Early America (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2003). https://amzn.to/2MVhWJ4 Ross Kennedy eds, A Companion to Woodrow Wilson (NY: John Wiley & Sons, 2013). https://amzn.to/2KXhGc1 Greg Robinson, A Tragedy of Democracy: Japanese Confinement in North America (NY: Columbia University Press, 2009). https://amzn.to/2MY3kZz Eds. Paul Boyer, Oxford Companion to American History (UK: Oxford University Press, 2001), 26, 367-68, 379-79, 831, 834. https://amzn.to/2KRpTl8 Eds. Eric Foner and John Garraty, The Reader’s Companion to American History (Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1991) 26-27, 215, 558, 565, 588-89, 1081, 1172. https://amzn.to/2MUYR9M http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/Indian.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marbury_v._Madison https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alien_and_Sedition_Acts https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_removal https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Removal_Act https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trail_of_Tears https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_Civilized_Tribes https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_Jackson#Indian_removal_policy https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Habeas_corpus_in_the_United_States#Presidential_suspension_of_habeas_corpus https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ex_parte_Merryman https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sedition_Act_of_1918 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internment_of_Japanese_Americans https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese-Canadian_internment#World_War_II ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 Support the channel through Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian or pick up some merchandise at SpreadShirt: https://shop.spreadshirt.com/cynicalhistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #history #tyranny #presidents #tyrants #Adams #Jackson #Lincoln #Wilson #FDR
Views: 51123 The Cynical Historian
The Bear Flag Revolt | California History [ep.4]
 
06:23
For a playlist of the entire History of California series: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjnwpaclU4wUD7y8912ViyAtGfraKi9ru This is the History of California part 4, covering the buildup to the California War, Bear Flag Revolt, and military government of California. ------------------------------------------------------------ references: Bancroft, Hubert Howe. The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft. 39 Vols. San Francisco, Calif.: The History Company, 1890. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hubert_Howe_Bancroft#Published_works Deverell, William. Whitewashed Adobe: The Rise of Los Angeles and the Remaking of its Mexican Past. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004. https://amzn.to/2u75NKd Hackel, Steven. Children of Coyote, Missionaries of Saint Francis: Indian-Spanish Relations in Colonial California, 1769-1850. Chapel Hill, N.Car.: University of North Carolina Press, 2005. https://amzn.to/2urVVuq Hall-Patton, Joseph. Pacifying Paradise: Violence and Vigilantism in San Luis Obispo. CA: Cal Poly, 2016. http://www.digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/theses/1594/ Hawgood, John. “The Pattern of Yankee Infiltration in Mexican Alta California.” Pacific Historical Review 27, no.1 (February 1958), 27-37. Langum, David. Law and Community on the Mexican California Frontier: Anglo American Expatriates and the Clash of Legal Traditions, 1821-1846. San Diego, Cal.: Vanard Lithographers, 2006. https://amzn.to/2NNyofL Sandos, James A. Converting California: Indians and Franciscans in the Missions, 1769–1836. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2004. https://amzn.to/2upbVxh Stenberg, Richard. “Polk and Fremont.” Pacific Historical Review 7, no.3 (September 1938), 211-227. Tays, George. “Fremont Had No Secret Instructions.” Pacific Historical Review 9, no.2 (June 1940), 157-171. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_California https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Sutter https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_ap_Catesby_Jones https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sutter%27s_Fort https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_C._Fr%C3%A9mont https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California_Republic https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conquest_of_California Special thanks to Mark Hall-Patton for proofreading this script ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 contribute to my Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ Wiki: The California Republic was an unrecognized breakaway state that, for twenty-five days in 1846, militarily controlled the area to the north of the San Francisco Bay in the present-day state of California.[1] In June 1846, a number of American immigrants in Alta California rebelled against the Mexican department's[notes 1][2] government. The immigrants had not been allowed to buy or rent land and had been threatened with expulsion from California because they had entered without official permission.[3][4] Mexican officials were concerned about a coming war with the United States coupled with the growing influx of Americans into California. The rebellion was soon overtaken by the beginning of the Mexican–American War. The name "California Republic" appeared only on the flag the insurgents raised in Sonoma.[5] It indicated their aspiration of forming a republican government for California. The insurgents elected military officers but no civil structure was ever established.[6] The flag featured an image of a California grizzly bear and became known as the Bear Flag and the revolt as the Bear Flag Revolt. Three weeks later, on July 5, 1846, the Republic's military of 100 to 200 men was subsumed into the California Battalion commanded by U.S. Army Brevet Captain John C. Frémont. The Bear Flag Revolt and whatever remained of the "California Republic" ceased to exist on July 9 when U.S. Navy Lieutenant Joseph Revere raised the United States flag in front of the Sonoma Barracks and sent a second flag to be raised at Sutter's Fort.[7] ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #California #BearFlagRevolt #1846 #JohnCFremont #MexicanAmericanWar
Views: 21379 The Cynical Historian
Unbroken | Based on a True Story
 
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Unbroken, the movie, is based on a true story. It makes some major omissions, but is all around a good historical movie. ------------------------------------------------------------ more videos: previous: https://youtu.be/adElh70lqBA related: https://youtu.be/u8MtKb3vIfI ------------------------------------------------------------ references: http://www.historyvshollywood.com/reelfaces/unbroken/ http://www.slate.com/blogs/browbeat/2014/12/24/unbroken_movie_fact_vs_fiction_how_accurate_is_the_louis_zamperini_biopic.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unbroken_(film)#Historical_accuracy ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ wiki: Unbroken is a 2014 American war film produced and directed by Angelina Jolie, written by the Coen brothers, Richard LaGravenese, William Nicholson and based on the 2010 non-fiction book by Laura Hillenbrand, Unbroken: A World War II Story of Survival, Resilience, and Redemption. The film revolves around the life of USA Olympian and athlete Louis "Louie" Zamperini, portrayed by Jack O'Connell. Zamperini survived in a raft for 47 days after his bomber crash landed in the ocean during World War II, then was sent to a series of prisoner of war camps. The film had its world premiere in Sydney on November 17, 2014, and received a wide release in the United States on December 25, 2014. The film grossed $115.6 million in North America, with a worldwide total of over $163 million. ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #history #Zamperini #Unbroken #review #BasedOnATrueStory
Views: 13201 The Cynical Historian
The Philippine Insurrection (1899-1913) and the word ‘Boondocks’ | War and Etymology
 
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the mundane word “Boondocks” is derived from one of America’s longest and most brutal wars, a war that seems to be forgotten by most, and misrepresented by so many of the people who mention it otherwise. It is the Philippine Insurrection, also known as the Moro War, and Philippine-American Wars Through YouTube's cowardice, this video has been sneak-demonetized. ------------------------------------------------------------ more videos: wars you've never heard of: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjnwpaclU4wXTU5VsYlRm0F2KIQW-_nsv engaging etymology: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjnwpaclU4wUqiSMRMv6EWNaOEGtif8cg ------------------------------------------------------------ references: Max Boot, The Savage Wars of Peace: Small Wars and the Rise of American Power (New York: Perseus Books Group, 2002), 99-129. https://amzn.to/2NTVKjQ Alan Axelrod, America’s Wars (New York: Wiley and Sons, 2002), 338, 351, 357-58. https://amzn.to/2NHcLOa America at War: The Macmillan Compendium (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994), 323-335. https://amzn.to/2uaLkEd Edwin Hoyt, America’s Wars & Military Excursions (New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co, 1987), 324-334. https://amzn.to/2u9QGiP Thomas Bender, A Nation among Nations: America’s Place in World History (New York: Hill and Wang, 2006), 228-238. https://amzn.to/2Ldvl2G Philippine Investigation Committee, “‘Marked Severities’ in Philippine Warfare,” _Secretary Root’s Record_, DC: US Senate Records, 1902. Accessed 3/23/2016: https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Secretary_Root%27s_Record:%22Marked_Severities%22_in_Philippine_Warfare http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=boondocks https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boondocks https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moro_Rebellion https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippine%E2%80%93American_War https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_Philippine%E2%80%93American_War ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 contribute to my Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ wiki: The Philippine–American War[10] (also referred to as the Filipino-American War, the Philippine War, the Philippine Insurrection, the Tagalog Insurgency;[11][12] Filipino: Digmaang Pilipino-Amerikano; Spanish: Guerra Filipino-Estadounidense) was an armed conflict between the First Philippine Republic (Spanish: República Filipina; Filipino: Republikang Pilipino) and the United States that lasted from February 4, 1899 to July 2, 1902.[2] The war was a continuation of the Filipino struggle for independence that began in 1896 with the Philippine Revolution. The conflict arose when the First Philippine Republic objected to the terms of the Treaty of Paris under which the United States took possession of the Philippines from Spain, ending the Spanish–American War.[13] Fighting erupted between forces of the United States and those of the Philippine Republic on February 4, 1899, in what became known as the Second Battle of Manila. On June 2, 1899, the First Philippine Republic officially declared war against the United States.[14][15] The war officially ended on July 2, 1902 with a victory for the United States. However, some Philippine groups—led by veterans of the Katipunan—continued to battle the American forces for several more years. Among those leaders was General Macario Sakay, a veteran Katipunan member who assumed the presidency of the proclaimed "Tagalog Republic", formed in 1902 after the capture of President Emilio Aguinaldo. Other groups continued hostilities in remote areas and islands, including the Moro people and Pulahanes people, until their final defeat at the Battle of Bud Bagsak on June 15, 1913.[16] ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #Philippines #boondocks #PhilippineInsurrection #PhilippineAmericanWar #USA
Views: 48094 The Cynical Historian
Good historical movies - Patton, Apollo 13,  Black Hawk Down, and more | Based on a True Story
 
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After having shown some bad movies that were "based on a true story," let's look at the good ones in terms of historical accuracy. There's only a few and I'll tell you why, and maybe we can all learn well enough to make Hollywood figure out that they should do this more often. ------------------------------------------------------------ The list goes: Patton (1970) The Message (1977) Black Hawk Down (2001) Judgement at Nuremberg (1961) Apollo 13 (1995) The Lost Battalion (2001) Honorable Mentions: Flags of our Fathers (2006) Letters from Iwo Jima (2006) The Glenn Miller Story (1954) We Were Soldiers (2002) ------------------------------------------------------------ more videos: Previous: https://youtu.be/B8oGewki0bE Related: https://youtu.be/oHEUL2DBGac ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #history #movies #Patton #review #BasedOnATrueStory
Views: 29167 The Cynical Historian
American Sniper | Based on a True Story
 
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Criticing the American Sniper movie might be a political quagmire, much like the Iraq War, but here goes nothing. But brow-beating aside, there is much to unravel here, and a historical interpretation is needed far-and-above all rhetoric. ------------------------------------------------------------ more videos: Lone Survivor: https://youtu.be/IJgjS19JpHg US Wars: https://youtu.be/1oGJ784mf_M ------------------------------------------------------------ references: http://www.slate.com/blogs/browbeat/2015/01/23/american_sniper_fact_vs_fiction_how_accurate_is_the_chris_kyle_movie.html http://www.historyvshollywood.com/reelfaces/american-sniper/ http://www.theguardian.com/film/filmblog/2015/jan/20/why-american-snipers-historical-dishonesty-misleads http://www.theweek.co.uk/62133/chris-kyle-five-things-american-sniper-gets-wrong http://www.slate.com/articles/arts/movies/2015/01/american_sniper_and_the_political_battle_over_chris_kyle.html ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 contribute to my Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ wiki: American Sniper is a 2014 American biographical war drama film[6] directed by Clint Eastwood and written by Jason Hall. It is loosely based on the memoir American Sniper: The Autobiography of the Most Lethal Sniper in U.S. Military History (2012) by Chris Kyle, with Scott McEwen and Jim DeFelice. The film follows the life of Kyle, who became the deadliest marksman in U.S. military history with 255 kills from four tours in the Iraq War, 160 of which were officially confirmed by the Department of Defense.[7] While Kyle was celebrated for his military successes, his tours of duty took a heavy toll on his personal and family life. The film was produced by Eastwood, Robert Lorenz, Andrew Lazar, Bradley Cooper, and Peter Morgan. It stars Bradley Cooper as Kyle and Sienna Miller as his wife Taya, with Luke Grimes, Jake McDorman, Cory Hardrict, Kevin Lacz, Navid Negahban, and Keir O'Donnell in supporting roles. The world premiere was on November 11, 2014, at the American Film Institute Festival, followed by a limited theatrical release in the United States on December 25, 2014 and a wide release on January 16, 2015. The film became a major success, with a worldwide gross of over $547 million,[8] making it the highest-grossing film of 2014 in the United States ($350 million), the highest-grossing war film of all time unadjusted for inflation, and Eastwood's highest-grossing film to date. The film received mostly positive reviews from critics, with the majority of praise directed towards Cooper's lead performance and Eastwood's direction, though it attracted some controversy over its portrayal of both the War in Iraq and of Chris Kyle. At the 87th Academy Awards, American Sniper received six nominations, including Best Picture, Best Adapted Screenplay, and Best Actor for Cooper, ultimately winning one award for Best Sound Editing.[9] ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #AmericanSniper #ChrisKyle #Review #BasedOnATrueStory #ClintEastwood
Views: 83783 The Cynical Historian
Monuments Men | Based on a True Story
 
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The movie monuments men is surprisingly bad in terms of historical accuracy. It's kind of sad, because it was a fun movie, but the revelation is disturbing. ------------------------------------------------------------ more videos: related 1: https://youtu.be/u8MtKb3vIfI related 2: https://youtu.be/vxgXERmYlz8 ------------------------------------------------------------ references: http://www.historyvshollywood.com/reelfaces/monuments-men.php http://www.slate.com/blogs/browbeat/2014/02/10/the_monuments_men_true_story_fact_checking_the_george_clooney_matt_damon.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Monuments_Men#Historical_accuracy ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ wiki: The Monuments Men is a 2014 American-German[4][5] war film directed by George Clooney, and written and produced by Clooney and Grant Heslov. The film stars an ensemble cast including Clooney, Matt Damon, Bill Murray, John Goodman, Jean Dujardin, Bob Balaban, Hugh Bonneville, and Cate Blanchett. It is loosely based on the non-fiction book The Monuments Men: Allied Heroes, Nazi Thieves and the Greatest Treasure Hunt in History by Robert M. Edsel and Bret Witter. The film follows an Allied group from the Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives program that is given the task of finding and saving pieces of art and other culturally important items before Nazis destroy or steal them, during World War II.[6][7] The Monuments Men was co-produced by Columbia Pictures (in association with 20th Century Fox) and Babelsberg Studio, and released on February 7, 2014.[8] It received mixed critical reviews and grossed $155 million worldwide against a $70 million budget. ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #MonumentsMen #WWII #Review #BasedOnATrueStory
Views: 10364 The Cynical Historian
Dunkirk (2017) | Based on a True Story
 
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Dunkirk is a 2017 war film written, directed, and produced by Christopher Nolan that depicts the Dunkirk evacuation of World War II. Its ensemble cast includes Fionn Whitehead, Tom Glynn-Carney, Jack Lowden, Harry Styles, Aneurin Barnard, James D'Arcy, Barry Keoghan, Kenneth Branagh, Cillian Murphy, Mark Rylance, and Tom Hardy. The film is a British, American, French, and Dutch co-production, and was distributed by Warner Bros. ------------------------------------------------------------ references: http://www.historyvshollywood.com/reelfaces/dunkirk/ http://www.slate.com/blogs/browbeat/2017/07/20/what_s_fact_and_what_s_fiction_in_dunkirk.html https://www.usatoday.com/story/life/movies/2017/07/20/dunkirk-how-historically-accurate-christopher-nolans-wwii-film/493068001/ https://inews.co.uk/essentials/culture/film/dunkirk-wrong-historian-james-holland/ https://dailyhistory.org/Is_the_movie_Dunkirk_historically_accurate%3F https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dunkirk_(2017_film)#Historical_accuracy ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 Support the channel through Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian or pick up some merchandise at SpreadShirt: https://shop.spreadshirt.com/cynicalhistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ Wiki: Dunkirk portrays the evacuation from three perspectives: land, sea, and air. It has little dialogue, as Nolan sought instead to create suspense from cinematography and music. Filming began in May 2016 in Dunkirk and ended that September in Los Angeles, when post-production began. Cinematographer Hoyte van Hoytema shot the film on IMAX 65 mm and 65 mm large-format film stock. Dunkirk has extensive practical effects, and employed thousands of extras as well as historic boats from the evacuation, and period aeroplanes. ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #Dunkirk #WWII #Review #BasedOnATrueStory #PhoneyWar
Views: 72019 The Cynical Historian
Fernand Braudel, the Mediterranean, and the Annales School | Historians who changed history
 
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Deciding how large a scope you want in history is a difficult question, but what if you zoomed all the way out? Then you would see what Fernand Braudel and his Annales school of thought. ------------------------------------------------------------ references: Braudel, Fernand. The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II, Vol. 1. Reprint Edition. 1949; Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995. https://amzn.to/2uJrWOK Braudel, Fernand. The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II, Vol. 2. Reprint Edition. 1949; Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995. https://amzn.to/2LEZh45 ------------------------------------------------------------ more videos: previous: https://youtu.be/xQGs3eYxGRw historians who changed history: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjnwpaclU4wXNnXWfGY7Tov24iW7t_UuM ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 contribute to my Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ wiki: Fernand Braudel (French: [bʁodɛl]; 24 August 1902 – 27 November 1985) was a French historian and a leader of the Annales School. His scholarship focused on three main projects: The Mediterranean (1923–49, then 1949–66), Civilization and Capitalism (1955–79), and the unfinished Identity of France (1970–85). His reputation stems in part from his writings, but even more from his success in making the Annales School the most important engine of historical research in France and much of the world after 1950. As the dominant leader of the Annales School of historiography in the 1950s and 1960s, he exerted enormous influence on historical writing in France and other countries. He was student of Henri Hauser (1866-1946). Braudel has been considered one of the greatest of the modern historians who have emphasized the role of large-scale socioeconomic factors in the making and writing of history.[1] He can also be considered as one of the precursors of world-systems theory. ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #Braudel #AnnalesSchool #Mediterranean #WorldSystemsAnalysis #historians
Views: 13103 The Cynical Historian
A guide to Cynicism - why I call myself the CYNICAL historian
 
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In eight minutes, I try to explain the basics of cynical philosophy. The cynics are an interesting bunch, and none more than Diogenes himself. He is the primary example of cynicism. Their dogged devotion to their cause inspired the name of this channel. ------------------------------------------------------------ external links: Diogenes Laertius - The Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers http://books.google.com/books?id=JkYzAAAAYAAJ&dq=diogenes%20laertius&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=false Plutarch - Morals http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/23639 Julian the Apostate - orations #6 & 7 http://lucianofsamosata.info/wiki/doku.php?id=2012:6th-_vi_-oration-of-julian_to-the-uneducated-cynics http://lucianofsamosata.info/wiki/doku.php?id=2012:7th-_vii_-oration-of-julian_to-the-cynic-heracleios ------------------------------------------------------------ a good book on cynicism is William Desmond, Cynics (Berkeley: University of California press, 2008). https://amzn.to/2P09gCS ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #philosophy #cynics #history #cynicism #cynical #cynic
Views: 34505 The Cynical Historian
Is Afghanistan the longest war in US history?
 
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As the USA keeps fighting in Afghanistan, we are reaching a significant date, where it might become our longest war. Of course that all really depends on your definition. So let's run through the contenders. ------------------------------------------------------------ My list of American conflicts: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1jlkz3eIQ0dH4SwzfezuZJw7ypUQ3QyReIliePi91Acg/edit?usp=sharing ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 contribute to my Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #AfghanistanWar #IndianWars #YangtzeRiverPatrol #PhillippineInsurrection #WoodrowWilson
Views: 37050 The Cynical Historian
All the Way | Based on a True Story
 
08:57
Didn't expect this one to be so good. HBO's _All the Way_ is actually a worthwhile watch. Come see why this is probably Brian Cranston's best role yet. ------------------------------------------------------------ references: https://www.bustle.com/articles/162086-how-historically-accurate-is-all-the-way-hbo-adapts-a-play-that-took-some-liberties https://takingnote.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/03/04/a-play-about-l-b-j-veers-wildly-from-history/ ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 contribute to my Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ Wiki: All the Way is a 2016 American HBO biographical TV drama film based on events of the presidency of Lyndon B. Johnson, directed by Jay Roach and adapted by Robert Schenkkan from his play with the same title. The film stars Bryan Cranston, who reprises his role as Johnson from the play's 2014 Broadway production, opposite Melissa Leo as First Lady Lady Bird Johnson; Anthony Mackie as Civil Rights Movement leader Martin Luther King Jr.; and Frank Langella as US Senator Richard Russell Jr., from Georgia. The film was broadcast on HBO on May 21, 2016.[1] The film was well received by critics, with Cranston's portrayal of Johnson garnering praise. It has been nominated for a Television Critics Association Award for Outstanding Achievement in Movies, Miniseries and Specials, with Cranston also nominated for Individual Achievement in Drama for his work on the film. It got nominated for eight Primetime Emmy Awards, including Outstanding Television Movie as well as acting nominations for Cranston and Leo.[2] ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #LBJ #AllTheWay #Review #BasedOnATrueStory
Views: 19729 The Cynical Historian
Why is the west strong?  The modernization theory answer
 
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Europe has gained supreme influence over the world. Some would call that winning the global game, but how did that happen? It's one of the most important questions in history, and there is no good answer. Instead, here is the most popular one among non-historians: Modernization theory. Try to guess why historians don't favor it... ------------------------------------------------------------ more videos: superlatives in history: https://youtu.be/iQ8XuNWHx1A Do "The victors write the history?": https://youtu.be/FSyCn93CgM8 ------------------------------------------------------------ references: Ferguson, Niall. Civilization: The West and the Rest. New York: Penguin Books, 2011. https://amzn.to/2Kc0EWn Kramer, Lloyd and Sarah Maza, Eds. A Companion to Western Historical Thought. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Publishing, 2002. https://amzn.to/2LhuzSf Landes, David S. The Wealth and Poverty of Nations: Why Some Are So Rich and Some So Poor. New York: W.W. Norton, 1999. https://amzn.to/2M1bTm6 http://www.sfgate.com/opinion/article/Two-cheers-for-colonialism-2799327.php https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Protestant_Ethic_and_the_Spirit_of_Capitalism https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asiatic_mode_of_production https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oriental_despotism https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modernization_theory ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ wiki: Modernization theory is used to explain the process of modernization within societies. Modernization refers to a model of a progressive transition from a 'pre-modern' or 'traditional' to a 'modern' society. Modernization theory originated from the ideas of German sociologist Max Weber (1864–1920), which provided the basis for the modernization paradigm developed by Harvard sociologist Talcott Parsons (1902–1979). The theory looks at the internal factors of a country while assuming that with assistance, "traditional" countries can be brought to development in the same manner more developed countries have been. Moderniziation theory was a dominant paradigm in the social sciences in the 1950s and 1960s, then went into a deep eclipse. It made a comeback after 1990 but remains a controversial model.[1] Modernization theory both attempts to identify the social variables that contribute to social progress and development of societies and seeks to explain the process of social evolution. Modernization theory is subject to criticism originating among socialist and free-market ideologies, world-systems theorists, globalization theorists and dependency theorists among others. Modernization theory stresses not only the process of change but also the responses to that change. It also looks at internal dynamics while referring to social and cultural structures and the adaptation of new technologies. Modernization theory maintains that traditional societies will develop as they adopt more modern practices. Proponents of modernization theory claim that modern states are wealthier and more powerful and that their citizens are freer to enjoy a higher standard of living. Developments such as new data technology and the need to update traditional methods in transport, communication and production, it is argued, make modernization necessary or at least preferable to the status quo. That view makes critique of modernization difficult since it implies that such developments control the limits of human interaction, not vice versa. It also implies that human agency controls the speed and severity of modernization. Supposedly, instead of being dominated by tradition, societies undergoing the process of modernization typically arrive at forms of governance dictated by abstract principles. Traditional religious beliefs and cultural traits, according to the theory, usually become less important as modernization takes hold.[2] Historians link modernization to the processes of urbanization and industrialization and the spread of education. As Kendall (2007) notes, "Urbanization accompanied modernization and the rapid process of industrialization."[3] In sociological critical theory, modernization is linked to an overarching process of rationalisation. When modernization increases within a society, the individual becomes increasingly important, eventually replacing the family or community as the fundamental unit of society. ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #Weber #ModernizationTheory #MaxWeber #West
Views: 15638 The Cynical Historian
Lone Survivor | Based on a True Story
 
05:52
The movie Lone Survivor has been hailed for it's historical accuracy in the press, but the reality is very different from what the movie depicts. ------------------------------------------------------------ more videos: previous: https://youtu.be/vxgXERmYlz8 related: https://youtu.be/lgca_vzyDd8 ------------------------------------------------------------ references: Luttrell, Marcus. Lone Survivor: The Eyewitness Account of Operation Redwing and the Lost Heroes of Seal Team 10. New York: Little Brown and Company, 2007. https://amzn.to/2mWiIKL http://www.historyvshollywood.com/reelfaces/lone-survivor.php http://www.slate.com/blogs/browbeat/2014/01/10/lone_survivor_accuracy_fact_vs_fiction_in_the_mark_wahlberg_and_peter_berg.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lone_Survivor_(film)#Historical_accuracy Luttrell interview: http://www.blackfive.net/main/2012/06/review-interview-marcus-luttrells-service-a-navy-seal-at-war.html ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ wiki: Lone Survivor is a 2013 American biographical war thriller film based on the 2007 non-fiction book of the same name by Marcus Luttrell with Patrick Robinson. Written and directed by Peter Berg, the film stars Mark Wahlberg, Taylor Kitsch, Emile Hirsch, Ben Foster, and Eric Bana. Set during the war in Afghanistan, Lone Survivor dramatizes the unsuccessful United States Navy SEALs counter-insurgent mission Operation Red Wings, during which a four-man SEAL reconnaissance and surveillance team was tasked to track down and kill Taliban leader Ahmad Shah. Berg first learned of the book Lone Survivor in 2007, while he was filming Hancock (2008). He arranged several meetings with Luttrell to discuss adapting the book to film. Universal Pictures secured the film rights in August 2007 after bidding against other major film studios. In re-enacting the events of Operation Red Wings, Berg drew much of his screenplay from Luttrell's eyewitness accounts in the book, as well as autopsy and incident reports related to the mission. After directing Battleship (2012) for Universal, Berg returned to work on Lone Survivor. Principal photography began in October 2012 and concluded in November after 42 days; filming took place on location in New Mexico, using digital cinematography. Luttrell and several other Navy SEAL veterans acted as technical advisors, while multiple branches of the United States Armed Forces aided the film's production. Lone Survivor opened in limited release in the United States on December 25, 2013, before opening across North America on January 10, 2014, to strong financial success and a generally positive critical response. Most critics praised Berg's direction, as well as the acting, story, visuals and battle sequences. Other critics, however, derided the film for focusing more on its action scenes than on characterization. Lone Survivor grossed over $154 million in box-office revenue worldwide—of which $125 million was from North America. The film received two Academy Award nominations for Best Sound Editing and Best Sound Mixing. ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #MarcusLattrell #LoneSurvivor #Review #BasedOnATrueStory
Views: 52602 The Cynical Historian
jOBS | Based on a True Story
 
03:26
Seeing as there is a new Steve Jobs movie coming out, let's look back to the last one. The 2013 film has its flaws, that this new one may repeat, but let's hope for the best. ------------------------------------------------------------ more videos: previous: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjnwpaclU4wU5T64ixCALFUC6c6cQJjL- related: https://youtu.be/SwN9RzuQfBA ------------------------------------------------------------ references: scene by scene with several actual people: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gICwMQQ48Dk http://www.slate.com/blogs/browbeat/2013/08/16/jobs_movie_true_story_fact_and_fiction_in_mostly_accurate_steve_jobs_movie.html http://www.historyvshollywood.com/reelfaces/jobs.php http://gizmodo.com/5978777/woz-says-kutchers-steve-jobs-movie-scene-never-happened https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jobs_(film)#Historical_accuracy ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ wiki: Jobs is a 2013 American biographical drama film inspired by the life of Steve Jobs, from 1974 while a student at Reed College to the introduction of the iPod in 2001.[3] It is directed by Joshua Michael Stern, written by Matt Whiteley, and produced by Stern and Mark Hulme. Steve Jobs is portrayed by Ashton Kutcher, with Josh Gad as Apple Computer's co-founder Steve Wozniak. Jobs was chosen to close the 2013 Sundance Film Festival.[4][5] ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #history #SteveJobs #jOBS #review #BasedOnATrueStory
Views: 8207 The Cynical Historian
The History of Paintball
 
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This is a brief history of paintball, from its early beginnings to its debut as a modern sport. Few games have seen as quick an adoption, but paintball had its growing pains. Featuring MIB Deadpool to introduce the video. ------------------------------------------------------------ external links: an extremely detailed timeline of paintball history: http://www.ody.ca/~cwells/history.htm a short listing of all the early tippmann markers: http://www.vintagerex.com/cgi-bin/index.cgi?action=viewdb&man=Tippmann MIB_Deadpool's channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/MaverickMSzero My video on gun legislation in America: http://youtu.be/N2M0JGoUo8s ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #history #paintball
Views: 8319 The Cynical Historian
Racial Conflict | California History [ep.7]
 
08:37
This is a difficult subject. California has been at the forefront of racial prejudice, violence, and discrimination in American history. We are speaking of a very real case for genocide, horrendous Indian Wars, the Chinese Exclusion Act, and Hispanic oppression. It is not an easy subject, but is a vital part of our history. ------------------------------------------------------------ references: Kimberly Johnston-Dodds, “Early California Laws and Policies Related to California Indians,” _California Research Bureau_ (September 2002). Accessed 6/15/17: https://www.library.ca.gov/crb/02/14/02-014.pdf Robert Fleming Heizer, _The Destruction of California Indians_ (San Francisco: Peregrine Smith Books, 1974). https://amzn.to/2NDfRmb Hubert Bancroft, _Works of HH Bancroft: Volume 24_ (CA: The History Company, 1890) 474-494. https://archive.org/details/workshuberthowe78bancgoog William Coffer, “Genocide among the California Indians,” _Indian Historian,_ v10 (Spring 1977), 8-15. Jack Norton, _When Our Worlds Cried_ (San Francisco: Indian Historian Press, 1979). https://amzn.to/2N2HgwH Frank Baumgardner, _Killing for Land in Early California: Native American Blood at Round Valley_ (NY: Algora Publishing, 2005). https://amzn.to/2KVe39G Brendan C. Lindsay, _Murder State: California's Native American Genocide_ (Lincoln: University of Nebraska, 2015). https://amzn.to/2u8CzdL Benjamin Madley, _An American Genocide: The United States and the California Indian Catastrophe, 1846-1873_ (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2016). https://amzn.to/2NE5HSr William Deverell, _Whitewashed Adobe: The Rise of Los Angeles and the Remaking of Its Mexican Past_ (CA: University of California Press, 2004) https://amzn.to/2u75NKd Susan Lee Johnson, _Roaring Camp: The Social World of the California Gold Rush_ (CA: WW Norton, 2000). https://amzn.to/2NEFcMC Erika Lee, _At America's Gates: Chinese Immigration during the Exclusion Era,_ (Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2003). https://amzn.to/2N4MVT2 Joseph Hall-Patton, _Pacifying Paradise: Violence and Vigilantism in San Luis Obispo_ (CA: Cal Poly, 2016). http://www.digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/theses/1594/ ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 Support the channel through Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian or pick up some merchandise at SpreadShirt: https://shop.spreadshirt.com/cynicalhistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ Wiki: The California Genocide was the decrease in the indigenous population of California due to violence, relocation and starvation as a result of the U.S. occupation of California. The indigenous population of California under Spanish rule dropped from 300,000 prior to 1769, to 250,000 in 1834. After Mexico won its independence from Spain, and after the secularization of the coastal missions by the Mexican government in 1834, the indigenous population suffered a much more drastic decrease in population to 150,000. The period immediately following the U.S. Conquest of California has been characterized by numerous sources as a genocide. Under US sovereignty, after 1848, the Indigenous population plunged from perhaps 150,000 to 30,000 in 1870 and reached its nadir of 16,000 in 1900. Between 1846 and 1873, 4,500 to 16,000 California Native Americans were killed by non-Native Americans.[1][2] The Chinese Exclusion Act was a United States federal law signed by President Chester A. Arthur on May 6, 1882, prohibiting all immigration of Chinese laborers. The act followed the Angell Treaty of 1880, a set of revisions to the US–China Burlingame Treaty of 1868 that allowed the US to suspend Chinese immigration. The act was initially intended to last for 10 years, but was renewed in 1892 with the Geary Act and made permanent in 1902. The Chinese Exclusion Act was the first law implemented to prevent a specific ethnic group from immigrating to the United States. It was repealed by the Magnuson Act on December 17, 1943. ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #California #RacialConflict #Genocide #ChineseExclusion #PerezVSharp
Views: 11549 The Cynical Historian
Spring of Nations (1848) | World Revolutions #3
 
06:02
The revolutions of 1848 created nationalism as we know it. In this episode on world-revolutions, we look at the causes and effects of this temultous time in history. Through YouTube's cowardice, this video has been demonetized, pending review. ------------------------------------------------------------ Check out Step Back History: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCxTdWpLJurbGlFMWOwXWG_A My episode on nationalism: https://youtu.be/C9D7lmkqO3I My episode on the causes of the US Civil War: https://youtu.be/Mu9-5n0vpGs ------------------------------------------------------------ references: Thomas Bender, A Nation Among Nations: America's Place in World History (New York: Hill and Wang, 2006), 116-181. https://amzn.to/2Ldvl2G Eds. Eric Hobsbawm and Terence Ranger, The Invention of Tradition (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1983). https://amzn.to/2JK2H3J Thomas Baker, "National History in the Age of Michelet, Macaulay, and Bancroft," A Companion to Western Historical Thought, eds Lloyd Kramer and Sarah Maza (Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Publishing, 2002), 185-204. https://amzn.to/2LhuzSf Benedict Anderson, Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism, rev. Ed. (1983; London, UK: Verso, 2006). https://amzn.to/2uGcZNm Peter Gunn, History and Cultural Theory (Oxon, UK: Pearson Education Limited, 2006), 131-155. https://amzn.to/2uWmK9F https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Revolutions_of_1848 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nationalism https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_Revolution_of_1848 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forty-Eighters https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franco-Prussian_War ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 contribute to my Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ Wiki: The Revolutions of 1848, known in some countries as the Spring of Nations, People's Spring, Springtime of the Peoples,[3] or the Year of Revolution, were a series of political upheavals throughout Europe in 1848. It remains the most widespread revolutionary wave in European history. The revolutions were essentially democratic in nature, with the aim of removing the old feudal structures and creating independent national states. The revolutionary wave began in France in February, and immediately spread to most of Europe. Over 50 countries were affected, but with no coordination or cooperation between their respective revolutionaries. According to Evans and von Strandmann (2000), some of the major contributing factors were widespread dissatisfaction with political leadership, demands for more participation in government and democracy, demands for freedom of press, other demands made by the working class, the upsurge of nationalism, and the regrouping of established governmental forces.[4] The uprisings were led by shaky ad hoc coalitions of reformers, the middle classes and workers, which did not hold together for long. Tens of thousands of people were killed, and many more forced into exile. Significant lasting reforms included the abolition of serfdom in Austria and Hungary, the end of absolute monarchy in Denmark, and the introduction of parliamentary democracy in the Netherlands. The revolutions were most important in France, the Netherlands, the states that would make up the German Empire in the late 19th and early 20th century, Italy, and the Austrian Empire. ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #1848 #revolutions #SpringOfNations #WorldRevolution
Views: 14262 The Cynical Historian
The Quasi War | Wars you've never heard of
 
04:25
Did you know that US has been in a war with France? In just over 4 minutes, I explain the first international war of the USA. It is the foundation of our navy, the cause of John Adams' defeat in 1800, and the Louisiana Purchase. Few know of this little war, but its impact is tremendous and sweeping. ------------------------------------------------------------ A good documentary made by the US Navy on this subject in 1953: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Fr3OIYt9JQ&list=PL4938CAE3D100B88A&index=1 Some good books that include history on the war: Alan Axelrod, "America's Wars." (NY, 2002) COL Raymond Dupey & MGG William Baumer, "The Little Wars of the US." (NY, 1969) ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History
Views: 18673 The Cynical Historian
The 1919 Red Scare - the craziest year in American history
 
07:44
Many people have heard of the first Red Scare, but we should look at the year of 1919 more thoroughly. It’s probably the craziest one in American history. Ann Hagedorn, Savage Peace: Hope and Fear in America, 1919 (New York: Simon & Schuster Paperbacks, 2007). https://amzn.to/2NHIcaT ------------------------------------------------------------ more videos: previous: https://youtu.be/oa5M0B7sb5U related: https://youtu.be/BlOYsCfe-Ig ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 contribute to my Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ wiki: The First Red Scare was a period during the early 20th-century history of the United States marked by a widespread fear of Bolshevism and anarchism, due to real and imagined events; real events included those such as the Russian Revolution. At its height in 1919–1920, concerns over the effects of radical political agitation in American society and the alleged spread of communism and anarchism in the American labor movement fueled a general sense of paranoia. The Scare had its origins in the hyper-nationalism of World War I as well as the Russian Revolution. At the war's end, following the October Revolution, American authorities saw the threat of Communist revolution in the actions of organized labor, including such disparate cases as the Seattle General Strike and the Boston Police Strike and then in the bombing campaign directed by anarchist groups at political and business leaders. Fueled by labor unrest and the anarchist bombings, and then spurred on by United States Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer's attempt to suppress radical organizations, it was characterized by exaggerated rhetoric, illegal search and seizures, unwarranted arrests and detentions, and the deportation of several hundred suspected radicals and anarchists. In addition, the growing anti-immigration nativism movement among Americans viewed increasing immigration from Southern Europe and Eastern Europe as a threat to American political and social stability. Bolshevism and the threat of a Communist-inspired revolution in the U.S. became the overriding explanation for challenges to the social order, even such largely unrelated events as incidents of interracial violence. Fear of radicalism was used to explain the suppression of freedom of expression in form of display of certain flags and banners. The First Red Scare effectively ended in mid-1920, after Attorney General Palmer forecast a massive radical uprising on May Day and the day passed without incident. ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #1919 #RedScare #SpanishFlu #Bolshevism #BlackSox #strikes #WoodrowWilson #LeagueOfNations #prohibition #suffrage
Views: 41425 The Cynical Historian
Those Magnificent Men in their Flying Machines | Based on a True Story
 
11:25
The movie takes us into the weird and wacky world of the early days of aviation, when men risked their lives for the thrill of flight. What it does best is bring together the disparate elements of early aviation and showcase the trouble that was flight while thoroughly mocking the entire affair in an entertaining manner, which simply takes the lift from the wings of those who want to treat this subject with gravitas. ------------------------------------------------------------ more videos: previous: https://youtu.be/yCAJH6_SqmQ related: https://youtu.be/SwN9RzuQfBA ------------------------------------------------------------ references: List of airplanes in the film: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/13Pp_t3-mQ8ntdcKlrcOykiAqzTD9EJAmHTKt5BkwiZQ/edit?usp=sharing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Bl%C3%A9riot https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gordon_Bennett_Trophy_(aeroplanes) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schneider_Trophy https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daily_Mail_aviation_prizes https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daily_Mail_Circuit_of_Britain_air_race https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1910_London_to_Manchester_air_race https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Those_Magnificent_Men_in_their_Flying_Machines www.nytimes.com/movie/review?res=9C0DEEDF173BE13ABC4F52DFB066838E679EDE? https://www.fiddlersgreen.net/shop/category/name/magnificent+men+and+their+flying+machines.html http://impdb.org/index.php?title=Those_Magnificent_Men_in_Their_Flying_Machines_or_How_I_Flew_from_London_to_Paris_in_25_hours_11_minutes http://aerotoons.com/blog/2015/08/24/aircraft-in-those-magnificent-men-in-their-flying-machines/ http://blog.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/2012/08/24/the-first-duel-fought-in-hot-air-balloons-paris-1808/ ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 contribute to my Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ----------------------------------------- Wiki: Those Magnificent Men in their Flying Machines; Or, How I Flew from London to Paris in 25 Hours 11 Minutes is a 1965 British comedy film starring Stuart Whitman, Sarah Miles, Robert Morley, Terry-Thomas and James Fox, directed and co-written by Ken Annakin. Based on a screenplay entitled Flying Crazy, the fictional account is set in 1910, when Lord Rawnsley, an English press magnate, offers £10,000 (equivalent to £920,000 in 2015[3]) to the winner of the Daily Post air race from London to Paris, to prove that Britain is "number one in the air".[4] ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #aviation #flight #Review #BasedOnATrueStory #ThoseMagnificentMenInTheirFlyingMachines
Views: 39009 The Cynical Historian
The Frontier Thesis - Frederick Jackson Turner and American exceptionalism
 
07:33
The frontier thesis changed the way Americans viewed their history irreparably. Its unique approach became the beginning of a tradition of American exceptionalism. ------------------------------------------------------------ more videos: previous: https://youtu.be/M4KzIsNNXmE related: https://youtu.be/c1TeVr_GU8I ------------------------------------------------------------ references: Turner, Frederick. “The Frontier in American History.” _Annual Report of the American Historical Association_, 1893. http://xroads.virginia.edu/~hyper/turner/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frontier_Thesis https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_Jackson_Turner https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Significance_of_the_Frontier_in_American_History https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbert_Eugene_Bolton ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 contribute to my Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ wiki: The Frontier Thesis or Turner Thesis, is the argument advanced by historian Frederick Jackson Turner in 1893 that American democracy was formed by the American frontier. He stressed the process—the moving frontier line—and the impact it had on pioneers going through the process. He also stressed results; especially that American democracy was the primary result, along with egalitarianism, a lack of interest in high culture, and violence. "American democracy was born of no theorist's dream; it was not carried in the Susan Constant to Virginia, nor in the Mayflower to Plymouth. It came out of the American forest, and it gained new strength each time it touched a new frontier," said Turner.[1] In the thesis, the American frontier established liberty by releasing Americans from European mindsets and eroding old, dysfunctional customs. The frontier had no need for standing armies, established churches, aristocrats or nobles, nor for landed gentry who controlled most of the land and charged heavy rents. Frontier land was free for the taking. Turner first announced his thesis in a paper entitled "The Significance of the Frontier in American History", delivered to the American Historical Association in 1893 in Chicago. He won wide acclaim among historians and intellectuals. Turner elaborated on the theme in his advanced history lectures and in a series of essays published over the next 25 years, published along with his initial paper as The Frontier in American History.[2] Turner's emphasis on the importance of the frontier in shaping American character influenced the interpretation found in thousands of scholarly histories. By the time Turner died in 1932, 60% of the leading history departments in the U.S. were teaching courses in frontier history along Turnerian lines.[3] ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #frontier #AmericanExceptionalism #FrederickJacksonTurner #FrontierThesis #TurnerThesis #historians #historiography
Views: 26573 The Cynical Historian
The Rise and Fall of Unitarianism in America
 
17:21
Check out Grant's video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xgKjJx2CLyo The Unitarians were once one of, if not the most politically powerful sect in America. Thomas Jefferson had said, “I confidently expect that the present generation will see Unitarianism become the general religion of the United States.” Almost a century later, one Unitarian minister was called “The Preacher Who Saved the Nation.” I thought, how could this weird group that was more concerned with teaching other religions than its own history have come from such an exalted position? ------------------------------------------------------------ references: Dorn, Jacob H. “The Social Gospel and Socialism: A Comparison of the Thought of Francis Greenwood Peabody, Washington Gladden, and Walter Rauschenbusch.” Church History 62, No. 1 (March 1993): 82-100. Greenwood, Andrea and Mark W. Harris. An Introduction to the Unitarian and Universalist Traditions. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2011. https://amzn.to/2uWsb8J Harris, Mark W. The A to Z of Unitarian Universalism. Lanham, Mar.: The Scarecrow Press, 2003. https://amzn.to/2LA7rO6 Macaulay, John A. “Tree Stump or ‘Treason?’ Unitarians Debate the Role of the Pulpit in the Age of Reform.” Journal of Church and State 57, Is.3 (Summer 2015): 487-506. Sutton, Ian. “Unitarians and the Construction of History and Biography, 1740–1820.” The English Historical Review 125, No. 513 (April, 2010): 314-339. Vaca, Daniel. “‘Great Religions’ as Peacemaker: What Unitarian Infighting Did for Comparative Religion.” History of Religions 53, No. 2 (November 2013): 115-150. ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 Support the channel through Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian or pick up some merchandise at SpreadShirt: https://shop.spreadshirt.com/cynicalhistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://discord.gg/Ukthk4U https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ Wiki: Unitarianism, as a Christian denominational family of churches, was first defined in Poland-Lithuania and Transylvania in the late 16th century. It was then further developed in England and America until the early 19th century, although theological ancestors are to be found as far back as the early days of Christianity. It matured and reached its classical form in the middle 19th century. Later historical development has been diverse in different countries. ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #history #Unitarianism #UUA #UnitarianUniversalism
Views: 16185 The Cynical Historian
The Birth of a Nation | Based on a True Story
 
11:46
The Birth of Nation was the first major motion picture success, and because of its historical inaccuracy, the Ku Klux Klan was revived for another round of terror. This is the worst case of a Based on a True Story film. So today is a prime time to go into why it was so bad, and get some President Wilson bashing in. Through YouTube's cowardice, this video has been demonetized. ------------------------------------------------------------ more videos: previous: https://youtu.be/rxIk4_ZE0x4 related: https://youtu.be/xQGs3eYxGRw ------------------------------------------------------------ references: Blee, Kathleen M. Women of the Klan: Racism and Gender in the 1920s. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991. https://amzn.to/2NzeHbl http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2015/02/08/383279630/100-years-later-whats-the-legacy-of-birth-of-a-nation https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Birth_of_a_Nation#Ideology_and_accuracy https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Birth_of_a_Nation https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Clansman:_A_Historical_Romance_of_the_Ku_Klux_Klan https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ku_Klux_Klan#Second_Klan:_1915.E2.80.931944 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reconstruction_Era#Legacy_and_historiography https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woodrow_Wilson#Civil_rights https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1804_Haiti_massacre https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nat_Turner%27s_slave_rebellion ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 contribute to my Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ----------------------------------------- Wiki: The Birth of a Nation (originally called The Clansman) is a 1915 American silent epic drama film directed and co-produced by D. W. Griffith and starring Lillian Gish. The screenplay is adapted from the novel and play The Clansman, both by Thomas Dixon Jr. Griffith co-wrote the screenplay (with Frank E. Woods), and co-produced the film (with Harry Aitken). It was released on February 8, 1915. Three hours long,[5] the film was originally presented in two parts separated by an intermission; it was the first 12-reel film in America. The film chronicles the relationship of two families in the American Civil War and Reconstruction era over the course of several years: the pro-Union Northern Stonemans and the pro-Confederacy Southern Camerons. The assassination of President Abraham Lincoln by John Wilkes Booth is dramatized. The film was a commercial success, though it was highly controversial for its portrayal of black men (many played by white actors in blackface) as unintelligent and sexually aggressive towards white women, and the portrayal of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) (whose original founding is dramatized) as a heroic force.[6][7] There were widespread African-American protests against The Birth of a Nation, such as in Boston, while thousands of white Bostonians flocked to see the film.[8] The NAACP spearheaded an unsuccessful campaign to ban the film.[8] Griffith's indignation at efforts to censor or ban the film motivated him to produce Intolerance the following year.[9] The film's release is also credited as being one of the events that inspired the formation of the "second era" Ku Klux Klan at Stone Mountain, Georgia, in the same year. The Birth of a Nation, along with the trial and lynching of Leo Frank for the 1913 murder of Mary Phagan in Atlanta, was used as a recruiting tool for the KKK.[10] Under President Woodrow Wilson, it was the first American motion picture to be screened at the White House.[11] Griffith's innovative techniques and storytelling power have made The Birth of a Nation one of the landmarks of film history.[12][13] In 1992, the United States Library of Congress deemed the film "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant" and selected it for preservation in the National Film Registry. ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #BirthOfANation #KKK #Review #BasedOnATrueStory #WoodrowWilson #DWGriffith
Views: 65922 The Cynical Historian
12 Years a Slave | Based on a True Story
 
02:36
The venerable movie, 12 Years a Slave, is based off of the 1853 memoir of the same name. Despite that, this movie still gets so much incorrect. Here's another Based on a True Story where Hollywood just cannot grasp its own material. ------------------------------------------------------------ more videos: previous: https://youtu.be/E_gwkFrM_-w related: https://youtu.be/u8MtKb3vIfI ------------------------------------------------------------ references: 12 years a slave (book): http://www.gutenberg.org/files/45631/45631-h/45631-h.htm http://www.historyvshollywood.com/reelfaces/12-years-a-slave.php http://www.slate.com/blogs/browbeat/2013/10/17/_12_years_a_slave_true_story_fact_and_fiction_in_mostly_accurate_movie_about.html http://www.theatlantic.com/entertainment/archive/2013/10/how-em-12-years-a-slave-em-gets-history-right-by-getting-it-wrong/280911/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/12_Years_a_Slave_(film) ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ wiki: 12 Years a Slave is a 2013 period drama film and an adaptation of the 1853 slave narrative memoir Twelve Years a Slave by Solomon Northup, a New York State-born free African-American man who was kidnapped in Washington, D.C., in 1841 and sold into slavery. Northup worked on plantations in the state of Louisiana for 12 years before being released. The first scholarly edition of Northup's memoir, co-edited in 1968 by Sue Eakin and Joseph Logsdon, carefully retraced and validated the account and concluded it to be accurate.[4] Other characters in the film were also real people, including Edwin and Mary Epps, and Patsey. The film was directed by Steve McQueen. The screenplay was written by John Ridley. Chiwetel Ejiofor stars as Solomon Northup. Michael Fassbender, Benedict Cumberbatch, Paul Dano, Paul Giamatti, Lupita Nyong'o, Sarah Paulson, Brad Pitt, and Alfre Woodard are all featured in supporting roles. Principal photography took place in New Orleans, Louisiana, from June 27 to August 13, 2012. The locations used were four historic antebellum plantations: Felicity, Bocage, Destrehan, and Magnolia. Of the four, Magnolia is nearest to the actual plantation where Northup was held. 12 Years a Slave received widespread critical acclaim, and was named the best film of 2013 by several media outlets. It proved to be a box office success, earning over $187 million on a production budget of $22 million. The film won three Academy Awards: Best Picture, Best Supporting Actress for Nyong'o, and Best Adapted Screenplay for Ridley. The Best Picture win made McQueen the first black producer ever to have received the award and the first black director to have directed a Best Picture winner.[5][6] The film was awarded the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama, and the British Academy of Film and Television Arts recognized it with the Best Film and the Best Actor award for Ejiofor.[7] ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #slavery #SolomonNorthup #Review #BasedOnATrueStory #12YearsASlave
Views: 13603 The Cynical Historian
The Free State of Jones | Based on a True Story
 
19:46
There are a few problems with the accuracy of the Free State of Jones, but they’re mostly forgivable. What really makes this a bad movie has nothing to do with that. It just makes some storytelling mistakes that made this an unbearable movie to watch ------------------------------------------------------------ more videos: previous: https://youtu.be/VW_fEdrvmOI related: https://youtu.be/zzsvOBjRXew ------------------------------------------------------------ references: Oshinsky, David. Worse than Slavery: Parchman Farm and the Ordeal of Jim Crow Justice. New York: Free Press Paperbacks, 1997. https://amzn.to/2udhA8Q Blackmon, Douglas. Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II. New York: Anchor Books, 2008. https://amzn.to/2zWOT64 http://www.historyvshollywood.com/reelfaces/free-state-of-jones/ http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/true-story-free-state-jones-180958111/?no-ist http://journalofthecivilwarera.org/2016/07/right-wrong-free-state-jones-making-sense-civil-war-film-tradition/ http://www.highdefdigest.com/blog/free-state-of-jones-movie-review/ http://www.newyorker.com/culture/richard-brody/the-historical-imagination-and-free-state-of-jones http://www.southeastern.edu/news_media/news_releases/2016/june/hyde_free_state_jones.html http://www.cbsnews.com/news/the-story-behind-free-state-of-jones/ http://www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2010/08/small-truth-papering-over-a-big-lie/61136/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_State_of_Jones_(film)#Premise https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jones_County,_Mississippi#Civil_War_years https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newton_Knight ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 contribute to my Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ----------------------------------------- Wiki: Free State of Jones is a 2016 American historical period war film inspired by the life of Newton Knight and his armed revolt against the Confederacy in Jones County, Mississippi, throughout the American Civil War. Written and directed by Gary Ross, the film stars Matthew McConaughey, Gugu Mbatha-Raw, Mahershala Ali and Keri Russell. It was released in the United States by STX Entertainment on June 24, 2016. It received mixed reviews from critics polled by Metacritic and grossed $25 million against its $50 million production budget.[3] ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #FreeStateOfJones #NewtonKnight #Review #BasedOnATrueStory #JonesCounty
Views: 122010 The Cynical Historian
Spotlight | Based on a True Story
 
10:05
Spotlight is a revealing look at the Catholic molestation scandal of 2002. This film had me floored. Whatever problems it has, they do not affect the narrative, and that narrative is surprising. I remember this scandal from when I was kid, but I had no idea how bad it really was, and this movie reveals it well. It has a couple misleading things about it, but it is a good “Based on a True Story” movie. ------------------------------------------------------------ more videos: previous: https://youtu.be/eAMLVX85BIk related: https://youtu.be/nnWypBbT8PI ------------------------------------------------------------ references: http://www.historyvshollywood.com/reelfaces/spotlight/ http://www.bostonglobe.com/lifestyle/names/2015/10/30/how-spotlight-movie-got-made/wXVXUiYPkoF3hEP9K4dydP/story.html http://www.bostonglobe.com/arts/movies/spotlight-movie#spotlight http://www.bostonglobe.com/arts/movies/2014/11/29/spotlightfilm-intro/d8Tp3MQ4Y0OQA3JZgABkeO/story.html http://www.bostonglobe.com/news/special-reports/2002/01/06/church-allowed-abuse-priest-for-years/cSHfGkTIrAT25qKGvBuDNM/story.html http://www.wired.com/2015/11/spotlight-journalism-movies/ http://www.newsweek.com/spotlight-what-recent-movies-get-right-and-wrong-about-journalism-392659 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spotlight_(film)#Criticism Catholic Church’s official responses: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kl6j8PEXbPc http://www.catholicnews.com/services/englishnews/2015/spotlight.cfm https://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2015/10/29/cardinal-malley-says-spotlight-movie-shows-how-church-was-impelled-deal-with-clergy-abuse/Efc7oCeEq6m2JCRKs376NL/story.html http://www.thebostonpilot.com/article.asp?ID=175073 Horribly incorrect coverage: http://www.themediareport.com/2015/11/10/lies-boston-globe-spotlight-movie/ ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 contribute to my Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ wiki: Spotlight is a 2015 American biographical crime drama film directed by Tom McCarthy and written by McCarthy and Josh Singer.[4][5] The film follows The Boston Globe's "Spotlight" team, the oldest continuously operating newspaper investigative journalist unit in the United States,[6] and its investigation into cases of widespread and systemic child sex abuse in the Boston area by numerous Roman Catholic priests. It is based on a series of stories by the "Spotlight" team that earned The Globe the 2003 Pulitzer Prize for Public Service.[7] The film stars Mark Ruffalo, Michael Keaton, Rachel McAdams, John Slattery, Stanley Tucci, Brian d'Arcy James, Liev Schreiber, and Billy Crudup.[8] Spotlight was shown in the Out of Competition section of the 72nd Venice International Film Festival.[9] It was also shown at the Telluride Film Festival and the Special Presentations section of the 2015 Toronto International Film Festival.[10] The film was released on November 6, 2015, by Open Road Films and grossed $90 million worldwide.[3] It won numerous guilds and critics' association awards, and was named one of the finest films of 2015 by various publications. Spotlight won the Academy Award for Best Picture along with Best Original Screenplay from six nominations in total, making Spotlight the first film from Open Road Films to win in either category. This also marks the first film to win Best Picture from a different mini-major studio than Lionsgate, Summit (later bought by Lionsgate in 2012), Miramax, or TWC. ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #Spotlight #BostonGlobe #Review #BasedOnATrueStory #catholics
Views: 18548 The Cynical Historian
The Russian Intervention (1918-1920) | Wars you've never heard of
 
06:36
America really has been at war with Russia. Not in the Cold War sense, but a real shooting war with Allied troops invading the motherland. Don't believe it? Just watch and find out. This war changed everything for US-Soviet relations and is a very real corollary to the Cold War. From 1918-1920, America, Britain, France, Japan, and others came together to intervene in the Russian Civil War. It was caused by the October Revolution and the signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. Despite having the ability to destroy fledgling communism, the allies failed in every regard, losing sight of their mission along the way. This is their story. For those who know about the intervention and are wondering why I don't mention the Czech Legion: I was trying to keep this short. They were significant in the very beginning (though normally overstated), but by the time the Allies arrived in Siberia, they had the situation fairly well handled. So in other words, they are not entirely necessary to account for. ------------------------------------------------------------ The soldier quote: Reed, Ernest and Gordon Smith. “Russian and Siberian Interventions.” New York Times: Current History 32, no 1 (Apr 1930): 59-69. Both the other quotes I read: Halliday, E.M. The Ignorant Armies. New York: Bantam, 1958. https://amzn.to/2OzcWuD - also, if you can find it, this is by far the most fun book to read The best academic work on the subject: Kennan, George F. The Decision to Intervene: Soviet American Relations, 1917-1920, Volume II. Princeton, N.Jer.: Princeton University Press, 1956. https://amzn.to/2vGXzZO The general historiography: Alston, Charlotte. “British Journalism and the Campaign for Intervention in the Russian Civil War, 1918-20.” Revolutionary Russia 20, iss. 1 (May 2007): 35-49. Carley, Michael. “The Origins of the French Intervention in the Russian Civil War, January-May 1918: A Reappraisal.” The Journal of Modern History 48, no. 3 (Sep 1976): 413-439. Davis, Donald and Eugene Trany. The First Cold War: The Legacy of Woodrow Wilson in U.S.-Soviet Relations. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2002. https://amzn.to/2OpXxwg Dupey, Raymond and William Baumer, The Little Wars of the US: A Compact History from 1798 to 1920. New York: Hawthorn Books, 1969. https://amzn.to/2MmmPOs Foglesong, David. America’s Secret War Against Bolshevism: US Intervention in the Russian Civil War. Chapel Hill, N.Car.: Chapel Hill press, 1995. https://amzn.to/2vDE0ll Kennan, George F. “Soviet Historiography and America's Role in the Intervention.” University of Chicago Press 64, no. 2 (1960): 302-22. Kettle, Michael. The Road to Intervention: March-November 1918. London: Routlege, 1988. https://amzn.to/2MjgjZ0 Long, John. “Searching for Sidney Reilly: The Lockhart Plot in Revolutionary Russia, 1918.” Europe-Asia Studies 47, no. 7 (Nov 1995): 1225-1241. Maddox, Robert James. “Woodrow Wilson, the Russian Embassy, and Siberian Intervention.” Pacific Historical Review 36, no. 4 (Nov 1967): 435-448. Ruotsila, Markku. “The Churchill-Mannerheim Collaboration in the Russian Intervention, 1919-1920.” The Slavonic and East European Review 18, no. 1 (January 2002): 1-20. Raymond Dupuy, Perish by the Sword: The Czechoslovakian anabasis and our supporting campaigns in North Russia and Siberia, 1918-1920 (PA: Military Service Publishing Co, 1939). https://amzn.to/2vD4Jyo Sayers, Michael and Albert Kahn. The Great Conspiracy against Russia. New York: Boni & Gaer Inc, 1946. https://amzn.to/2BbxtDk Strakhovsky, Leonid. The Origins of the Intervention in North Russia, 1918. Princeton, N.Jer.: Princeton University Press, 1937. https://amzn.to/2MkETbL ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ The Allied intervention was a multi-national military expedition launched during the Russian Civil War in 1918. The initial goals were to help the Czechoslovak Legion, secure supplies of munitions and armaments in Russian ports, and re-establish the Eastern Front. After winning World War I, the Allies militarily backed the anti-Bolshevik White forces in Russia. Allied efforts were hampered by divided objectives, war-weariness after they just finished greater conflict, and a lack of domestic support. These factors, together with the evacuation of the Czechoslovak Legion, compelled the Allies to withdraw from North Russia and Siberia in 1920, though Japanese forces occupied parts of Siberia until 1922 and the northern half of Sakhalin until 1925.[3] ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #history #russia #USA #USSR #RussianIntervention #RussianCivilWar #Siberia
Views: 41540 The Cynical Historian
The Stanford Prison Experiment | Based on a True Story
 
08:56
This great unethical psychology experiment is famous enough to warrant a movie. Many of you may not have heard of this film, but it is a model of accuracy that brings up truly powerful historical questions. It’s the Stanford Prison Experiment. We can actually learn from this movie about what the experiment constituted. ------------------------------------------------------------ more videos: good "Based on a True Story" movies: https://youtu.be/u8MtKb3vIfI how to research history: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... ------------------------------------------------------------ references: Historical reviews: http://www.theguardian.com/film/2015/... http://www.mercurynews.com/entertainm... http://www.stanforddaily.com/2015/07/... http://www.newsweek.com/stanford-pris... http://www.theguardian.com/film/2015/... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stanfor... top 10 list of unethical experiments: http://listverse.com/2008/09/07/top-1... A good argument for film directors as historians may be found in Natalie Davis, Slaves on Screen: Film and Historical Vision (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2002), 1-15 and 121-136. https://amzn.to/2udiKkU ------------------------------------------------------------ contribute to my Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ wiki: The Stanford Prison Experiment is a 2015 American thriller film directed by Kyle Patrick Alvarez and written by Tim Talbott. The film stars Billy Crudup, Michael Angarano, Ezra Miller, Tye Sheridan, Keir Gilchrist, Olivia Thirlby, and Nelsan Ellis. The plot tells the story of the Stanford prison experiment in which students play the role of a prisoner or a prison guard conducted at Stanford University under supervision of psychology professor Philip Zimbardo in 1971.[3] The project was announced in 2002 and remained in development for twelve years, with filming beginning on August 19, 2014, in Los Angeles. The film is financed and produced by Sandbar Pictures and Abandon Pictures. The film premiered at the 2015 Sundance Film Festival on January 26, 2015, before being given a limited theatrical release on July 17, 2015. Upon release, the film received positive reviews from critics, who commended the direction, screenplay, and acting. ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #StanfordPrisonExperiment # #Review #BasedOnATrueStory #PhilipZimbardo
Views: 32844 The Cynical Historian
300 | Based on a True Story
 
07:16
Here is another episode of 'Based on a True Story.' This time it is 300 and how it is based on the battle of Thermopylae. It is a great film with a great many historically innacurate plot points. ------------------------------------------------------------ more videos: Last: https://youtu.be/lCjMlAWOM-Q Related: https://youtu.be/u8MtKb3vIfI ------------------------------------------------------------ references: http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2014/03/300-historical-innacuracy-gives-birth-masterpiece/ http://www.historyvshollywood.com/reelfaces/300spartans.php https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/300_(film)#Historical_accuracy ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ Wiki: 300 is a 2006 American epic fantasy war film based on the 1998 comic series of the same name by Frank Miller and Lynn Varley. Both are fictionalized retellings of the Battle of Thermopylae within the Persian Wars. The film was directed by Zack Snyder, while Miller served as executive producer and consultant. It was filmed mostly with a super-imposition chroma key technique, to help replicate the imagery of the original comic book. The plot revolves around King Leonidas (Gerard Butler), who leads 300 Spartans into battle against the Persian "god-King" Xerxes (Rodrigo Santoro) and his invading army of more than 300,000 soldiers. As the battle rages, Queen Gorgo (Lena Headey) attempts to rally support in Sparta for her husband. The story is framed by a voice-over narrative by the Spartan soldier Dilios (David Wenham). Through this narrative technique, various fantastical creatures are introduced, placing 300 within the genre of historical fantasy. The events are revealed to be a story told by Delios, the only one of the 300 Spartans to survive the battle. 300 was released in both conventional and IMAX theaters in the United States on March 9, 2007, and on DVD, Blu-ray Disc, and HD DVD on July 31, 2007. The film received mixed reviews, receiving acclaim for its original visuals and style, but criticism for favoring visuals over characterization and its depiction of the ancient Persians in Iran, a characterization which some had deemed racist; however, the film was a box office success, grossing over $450 million, with the film's opening being the 24th largest in box office history at the time. A sequel, entitled Rise of an Empire, which is based on Miller's unpublished graphic novel prequel Xerxes, was released on March 7, 2014. ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #history #300 #Thermopylae #review #BasedOnATrueStory #Sparta #ThisIsSparta
Views: 39487 The Cynical Historian
Evolution of filibustering - pirates, invaders, and delayers | Engaging Etymology
 
04:03
Yet another filibuster has happened on the floor of congress, but have you ever wondered where that term comes from. Its a fascinating origine, filled with pirates and revolutionaries. ------------------------------------------------------------ more videos: Engaging Etymology: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjnwpaclU4wUqiSMRMv6EWNaOEGtif8cg ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 contribute to my Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ wiki: A filibuster or freebooter, in the context of foreign policy, is someone who engages in an (at least nominally) unauthorized military expedition into a foreign country or territory to foment or support a revolution. The term is usually used to describe United States citizens who fomented insurrections in Latin America in the mid-19th century (Texas, California, Cuba, Nicaragua, Colombia), but is also applicable in the modern day. Filibuster expeditions have also occasionally been used as cover for government-approved deniable operations (see also False flag). A notable late 20th Century example of this would be the Argentinian 'scrap metal merchants' who landed on South Georgia at the outset of the Falklands War.[citation needed] Filibusters are irregular soldiers who (normally) act without official authority from their own government, and are generally motivated by financial gain, political ideology, or the thrill of adventure. The freewheeling actions of the filibusters of the 1850s led to the name being applied figuratively to the political act of filibustering in the United States Congress.[1] Unlike a mercenary, a filibuster leader/commander works for himself, whilst a mercenary leader works for others.[2] ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #history #filibuster #WilliamWalker #KnightsOfTheGoldenCircle
Views: 4190 The Cynical Historian
Hollywood, guns, and history - common misconceptions
 
07:37
I'm getting the guns out on this one. Hollywood gets a lot wrong with guns, from physics problems that Mythbusters have shown, to stupid handling. Possibly the worst offense though is the historical problems. Here is a brief diatribe on the problem. ------------------------------------------------------------ more videos: The 2nd Amendment According to the Supreme Court: https://youtu.be/_63QPZ3Rbd8 How gun control works in America - Cynical Cypher: https://youtu.be/N2M0JGoUo8s ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #history #guns #Hollywood #misconceptions #movies
Views: 15398 The Cynical Historian
The Birth of a Nation (2016) | Based on a True Story
 
15:05
Today I’m going over The Birth of a Nation. No not that one again, thank goodness, the new one about the Nat Turner Rebellion of 1831 in Southampton County, Virginia. But this is not a vindication, because it’s not accurate, but not as horribly as Braveheart. Unlike that movie, The Birth of a Nation at least gets the surface dressing correct, and even some much-needed corrections in recent Hollywood depictions of slavery, but the narrative is still corrupted by its inaccuracy. Episode on the original Birth of a Nation: https://youtu.be/zzsvOBjRXew ------------------------------------------------------------ references: Primary Sources: Thomas Gray, _The Confessions of Nat Turner_ (VA: TW White, 1832). Samuel Warner, _Authentic and Impartial Narrative of the Tragic Scene_ (NY: Samuel Warner, 1831). A great resource for everything: http://www.natturnerproject.org/ Secondary: https://www.thenation.com/article/the-birth-of-a-nation-is-an-epic-fail/ http://deadline.com/2016/10/birth-of-a-nation-historians-review-use-of-past-1201832168/ http://www.cnn.com/2016/10/07/opinions/birth-of-nation-review-cane/ http://www.slate.com/blogs/browbeat/2016/10/14/the_birth_of_a_nation_historical_accuracy_what_s_fact_and_what_s_fiction.html http://www.vanityfair.com/hollywood/2016/08/nate-parker-on-the-confessions-of-nat-turner https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nat_Turner's_slave_rebellion ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 contribute to my Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ Wiki: The Birth of a Nation is a 2016 American period drama film based on the story of Nat Turner, the enslaved man who led a slave rebellion in Southampton County, Virginia, in 1831. Co-written, co-produced and directed by Nate Parker (in his directorial debut), the film stars Parker as Turner, with Armie Hammer, Aja Naomi King, Jackie Earle Haley, Penelope Ann Miller and Gabrielle Union in supporting roles. Parker also petitioned financiers to invest in the film, ultimately getting an $8.5 million production budget, and started filming in May 2015 in Georgia. The film premiered in competition at the 2016 Sundance Film Festival on January 25, 2016. Fox Searchlight Pictures bought worldwide rights to the film in a $17.5 million deal, the largest deal at the film festival to date. At the end of the festival, the film won the Audience Award and Grand Jury Prize in the U.S. Dramatic Competition and was highly praised for its directing, acting, soundtrack and cinematography. The film was theatrically released in the United States on October 7, 2016 by Fox Searchlight Pictures and grossed $16 million. Because The Birth of a Nation attracted increased attention due to possible Oscar nominations, there was significant press coverage of a 1999 alleged rape that Parker and co-writer Jean McGianni Celestin were accused of having committed, and the fact that the accuser committed suicide in 2012.[3][4][5] While Parker was acquitted and Celestin was initially found guilty, but then later granted a retrial that never went ahead, the controversy surrounding the alleged rape and Parker's initial responses to the controversy cast a shadow over the film.[6] ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #BirthOfANation #TurnerRebellion #Review #BasedOnATrueStory #NatTurner #slavery #SlaveRevolt
Views: 77205 The Cynical Historian
Chaplin | Based on a True Story
 
12:32
Hollywood often likes to make movies about itself. In terms of historical topics, that has to be right up there with presidents and WWII. It also has a fairly set formula for pumping out bio-pics. Often times that means fitting a square peg in a round hole. So today, let’s look at a film that combines both of these tendencies with the 1992 film, Chaplin. ------------------------------------------------------------ references: Kathryn Dixon, _Charlie Chaplin_ (NC: TAJ Books International, 2013). https://amzn.to/2KZkBEk Jonathan Vankin and John Whalen, _Based on a True Story: Fact and Fantasy in 100 Favorite Movies_ (IL: Chicago Review Press, 2005), 211-215. https://amzn.to/2m2sSZQ Frank Sanello, _Reel v Real: How Hollywood Turns Fact into Fiction_ (MD: Taylor Trade Press, 2003), 158-161. https://amzn.to/2N072BB https://www.theguardian.com/film/filmblog/2012/nov/22/chaplin-charlie-little-tramp-reel-history ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 Support the channel through Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian or pick up some merchandise at SpreadShirt: https://shop.spreadshirt.com/cynicalhistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ Wiki: Chaplin is a 1992 British-American biographical comedy-drama film about the life of British comedian Charlie Chaplin. It was produced and directed by Richard Attenborough and stars Robert Downey Jr., Marisa Tomei, Dan Aykroyd, Penelope Ann Miller, and Kevin Kline. It also features Geraldine Chaplin in the role of her own paternal grandmother, Hannah Chaplin. The film was adapted by William Boyd, Bryan Forbes and William Goldman from the books My Autobiography by Chaplin and Chaplin: His Life and Art by film critic David Robinson. Associate producer Diana Hawkins got a story credit. The original music score was composed by John Barry. ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #CharlieChaplin #TheTramp #Review #BasedOnATrueStory #Chaplin
Views: 16581 The Cynical Historian
The Boxer Rebellion | Wars you've never heard of
 
06:12
In the year 1900, the US invaded China, along with several other countries. This incident was more than a simple imperialistic attack, it was an intervention. ------------------------------------------------------------ Some good books that include history on the war: Axelrod, Alan. America’s Wars. New York: Wiley and Sons, 2002. https://amzn.to/2NHcLOa Dupey, Raymond and William Baumer. The Little Wars of the US: A Compact History from 1798 to 1920. New York: Hawthorn Books, 1969. https://amzn.to/2MmmPOs ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #history #china #USA #BoxerRebellion
Views: 42678 The Cynical Historian
The Mission System | California History [ep.2]
 
06:39
For a playlist of the entire History of California series: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjnwpaclU4wUD7y8912ViyAtGfraKi9ru After Alta California had been peacefully conquered in 1769, franciscan missionaries came to convert the indigenous population. They set up mission buildings all along the California foot path that came to be known as El Camino Real, or the king’s road. The first ones were in San Diego and Monterey, and they kept adding new ones year after year, eventually creating 21 with the last one finished 1823. ------------------------------------------------------------ references: Bancroft, Hubert Howe. The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft. 39 Vols. San Francisco, Calif.: The History Company, 1890. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hubert_Howe_Bancroft#Published_works Deverell, William. Whitewashed Adobe: The Rise of Los Angeles and the Remaking of its Mexican Past. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004. https://amzn.to/2u75NKd Hackel, Steven. Children of Coyote, Missionaries of Saint Francis: Indian-Spanish Relations in Colonial California, 1769-1850. Chapel Hill, N.Car.: University of North Carolina Press, 2005. https://amzn.to/2urVVuq Hall-Patton, Joseph. Pacifying Paradise: Violence and Vigilantism in San Luis Obispo. CA: Cal Poly, 2016. http://www.digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/theses/1594/ Hawgood, John. “The Pattern of Yankee Infiltration in Mexican Alta California.” Pacific Historical Review 27, no.1 (February 1958), 27-37. Langum, David. Law and Community on the Mexican California Frontier: Anglo American Expatriates and the Clash of Legal Traditions, 1821-1846. San Diego, Cal.: Vanard Lithographers, 2006. https://amzn.to/2NNyofL Sandos, James A. Converting California: Indians and Franciscans in the Missions, 1769–1836. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2004. https://amzn.to/2upbVxh Stenberg, Richard. “Polk and Fremont.” Pacific Historical Review 7, no.3 (September 1938), 211-227. Tays, George. “Fremont Had No Secret Instructions.” Pacific Historical Review 9, no.2 (June 1940), 157-171. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_California https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mission_San_Diego_de_Alcal%C3%A1 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_missions_in_California en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suppression_of_the_Society_of_Jesus#Spanish_Empire_and_Naples https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California_mission_clash_of_cultures https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chumash_Revolt_of_1824 Special thanks to Mark Hall-Patton for proofreading this script ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 contribute to my Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ Wiki: The Spanish missions in California comprise a series of 21 religious outposts or missions established between 1769 and 1833 in today's U.S. State of California. Founded by Catholic priests of the Franciscan order to evangelize the Native Americans, the missions led to the creation of the New Spain province of Alta California and were part of the expansion of the Spanish Empire into the most northern and western parts of Spanish North American. The major coastal cities of California were originally founded as a mission or sub-mission, including San Francisco, Monterey, Los Angeles and San Diego. Following long-term secular and religious policy of Spain in Latin America, the missionaries forced the native Californians to live in settlements called reductions, disrupting their traditional way of life. The missionaries introduced European fruits, vegetables, cattle, horses, ranching, and technology. This missions have been accused by critics, then and now, of various abuses and oppression. In the end, the missions had mixed results in their objectives: to convert, educate, and transform the natives into Spanish colonial citizens. In 1821, Mexico achieved independence from Spain, taking Alta California along with it, but the missions maintained authority over native neophytes and control of land holdings until the 1830s. At the peak of its development in 1832, the coastal mission system controlled an area equal to approximately one-sixth of Alta California.[3] The Alta California government secularized the missions after the passage of the Mexican secularization act of 1833. This divided the mission lands into land grants, which became many of the Ranchos of California. ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #California #MissionSystem #CaliforniaMissions #missions #neophites #Spain #AltaCalifornia
Views: 28660 The Cynical Historian
Leopold Von Ranke | Historians who changed history
 
03:20
Let's take a look at a historian who has made a tremendous impact on the study of history. This time, the father of professional history: Leopold Von Ranke ------------------------------------------------------------ more videos: previous: https://youtu.be/vxgXERmYlz8 related: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjnwpaclU4wU5T64ixCALFUC6c6cQJjL- ------------------------------------------------------------ references: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leopold_von_Ranke ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ wiki: Leopold von Ranke (/ˈrɑːŋkə/;[1] German: [ˈʀaŋkə]; 21 December 1795 – 23 May 1886) was a German historian[2][3] and a founder of modern source-based history.[4][5] According to Caroline Hoefferle, "Ranke was probably the most important historian to shape [the] historical profession as it emerged in Europe and the United States in the late 19th century."[6] He was able to implement the seminar teaching method in his classroom and focused on archival research and analysis of historical documents. Building on the methods of the Göttingen School of History,[7] Ranke set the standards for much of later historical writing, introducing such ideas as reliance on primary sources (empiricism), an emphasis on narrative history and especially international politics (Außenpolitik). ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #history #Ranke #historiography
Views: 11520 The Cynical Historian
The Man Who Knew Infinity | Based on a True Story
 
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The Man Who Knew Infinity is a by-the-numbers biopic, but it has a lot to say. Unfortunately, by following the standard Hollywood formula, the inaccuracies add up. Every variable in that formula could have been changed for accuracy to make this a better film, but the spirit of the man depicted is still within its form. ------------------------------------------------------------ more videos: previous: https://youtu.be/fqPAnFfPJuk related: https://youtu.be/UIVIigjY_C8 ------------------------------------------------------------ references: http://blog.stephenwolfram.com/2016/04/who-was-ramanujan/ http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Ramanujan.html http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/biography/Ramanujan.html https://www.usna.edu/Users/math/meh/ramanujan.html http://www.ams.org/journals/notices/201602/rnoti-p178.pdf https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Srinivasa_Ramanujan https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G._H._Hardy https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Man_Who_Knew_Infinity_(film) ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 contribute to my Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ----------------------------------------- Wiki: The Man Who Knew Infinity is a 2015 British biographical drama film based on the 1991 book of the same name by Robert Kanigel. The film stars Dev Patel as Srinivasa Ramanujan, a real-life mathematician who after growing up poor in Madras, India, earns admittance to Cambridge University during World War I, where he becomes a pioneer in mathematical theories with the guidance of his professor, G. H. Hardy, portrayed by Jeremy Irons. Filming began in August 2014 at Trinity College, Cambridge.[4] The film had its world premiere as a gala presentation at the 2015 Toronto International Film Festival,[1][5] and was selected as the opening gala of the 2015 Zurich Film Festival.[6] It also played other film festivals including Singapore International Film Festival[7] and Dubai International Film Festival.[8] ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #TheManWhoKnewInfinity #Ramanujan #Review #BasedOnATrueStory #SrinivasaRamanujan #mathematics
Views: 106248 The Cynical Historian
Historical Orthodoxy, Revisionism, and Post-Revisionism
 
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In recent historiography, it's been easier and easier to classify all scholarship into three camps: Orthodox, revisionist, and post-revisionist. This is the result of the biggest change that happened in the History profession throughout the last century, and it has significantly affected everyone in the Western world. This is going to be super-meta - so understand, I cannot get into specific historical theories, just illustrate the huge change that has happened in history. ------------------------------------------------------------ more videos: previous: https://youtu.be/mmYk0xxjDDA related: https://youtu.be/oa5M0B7sb5U ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 contribute to my Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ wiki: In historiography, the term historical revisionism identifies the re-interpretation of the historical record. It usually means challenging the orthodox views held by professional scholars about a historical event, or introducing new evidence, or of restating the motivations and decisions of the participant people. The revision of the historical record reflects the new discoveries of fact, evidence, and interpretation, which produce a revised history. In dramatic cases, revisionism involves a reversal of older moral judgments about heroes and villains. At a basic level, historical revisionism is a common and not especially controversial process of developing and refining the writing of history. Much more controversial is the reversal of moral findings, which the heroes, good guys, or positive forces are depicted as villains, bad guys, or negative forces. This revisionism is quickly challenged by the supporters of the old view, often in heated terms. It becomes historical negationism, a form of historical revisionism that presents a re-interpretation of the moral meaning of the historical record. The term "revisionism" is used pejoratively by people who charge that revisionists are deliberately distorting the true historical record. ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #historiography #revisionism #orthodoxy #NewLeft #PostRevisionism #historians #history
Views: 22259 The Cynical Historian
Constitutional Ideology - the philosophy behind it
 
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The US founding fathers based a great deal of the declaration and constitution on philosophy. This is a brief explanation of that ideology. ------------------------------------------------------------ external links Hobbes - Leviathan http://books.google.com/books?id=2oc6AAAAMAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=hobbes+leviathan&hl=en&sa=X&ei=6vJCUvKYI8OJqwHuyoDIDQ&sqi=2&ved=0CDkQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false Locke - Two Treatises on Government http://books.google.com/books?id=K5UIAAAAQAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=locke+two+treatises+of+government&hl=en&sa=X&ei=RPNCUoz2KciNrgHEi4DwCg&ved=0CC4Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false Montesquieu - The Spirit of the Laws - vol 1 http://books.google.com/books?id=LW8GAAAAQAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=montesquieu+spirit+of+the+laws&hl=en&sa=X&ei=evJCUuOwD8rSqgGLzYGgAg&ved=0CDQQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q&f=false Montesquieu - The Spirit of the Laws - vol 2 http://books.google.com/books?id=rYBKAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=montesquieu+spirit+of+the+laws&hl=en&sa=X&ei=evJCUuOwD8rSqgGLzYGgAg&ved=0CEIQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q&f=false ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #philosophy #constitution #Locke #history #DeclarationOfIndependence #ideology
Views: 8610 The Cynical Historian
Argo | Based on a True Story
 
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Argo got 2012's best film of the year. These Based on a True Story movies might get a lot of praise for their ------------------------------------------------------------ more videos: Historic Fiction in movies and historical accuracy: https://youtu.be/47hk1GDoPNU Lawrence of Arabia - Based on a True Story: https://youtu.be/Bw25jgmiKqs ------------------------------------------------------------ references: https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/csi-studies/studies/winter99-00/art1.html http://www.historyvshollywood.com/reelfaces/argo.php http://www.slate.com/blogs/browbeat/2012/10/12/argo_true_story_the_facts_and_fiction_behind_the_ben_affleck_movie.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argo_(2012_film) ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 contribute to my Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ wiki: Argo is a 2012 American historical drama film directed by Ben Affleck. The screenplay by Chris Terrio is adapted from U.S. Central Intelligence Agency operative Tony Mendez's book The Master of Disguise and Joshuah Bearman's 2007 Wired article "The Great Escape: How the CIA Used a Fake Sci-Fi Flick to Rescue Americans from Tehran."[3] The latter deals with the "Canadian Caper,"[3] in which Mendez led the rescue of six U.S. diplomats from Tehran, Iran, under the guise of filming a science fiction film during the 1979–1981 Iran hostage crisis.[4] The film stars Affleck as Mendez with Bryan Cranston, Alan Arkin and John Goodman in supporting roles, and was released in the United States on October 12, 2012. The film was produced by Grant Heslov, Affleck and George Clooney. Upon release, Argo received widespread acclaim, with praise directed towards the acting (particularly Arkin), Affleck's direction, Terrio's screenplay, the editing and Desplat's score. The film received seven nominations at the 85th Academy Awards and won three, for Best Picture, Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Film Editing. The film also earned five Golden Globe Award nominations, winning Best Motion Picture – Drama and Best Director, while being nominated for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture for Alan Arkin. It won Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture at the 19th Screen Actors Guild Awards, with Arkin being nominated for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Supporting Role. It also won Best Film, Best Editing and Best Director at the 66th British Academy Film Awards and 37th Hochi Film Award for Best International Picture. Despite its praise, Argo has also been criticized for some specific inaccuracies: in particular for minimizing the role of the Canadian embassy in the rescue, for falsely showing that the Americans were turned away by the British and New Zealand embassies, and for exaggerating the danger that the group faced during events preceding their escape from the country. ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #Argo #Iran #Review #BasedOnATrueStory #USA #IranHostageCrisis #CIA
Views: 11067 The Cynical Historian

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